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3 1833 01798 1702 












First Published in the Syracuse Daily Standard. 







'974.701 '-"-^ 

; OnGo ' , " ~ 

^1914 ^ - '-^ '■ 








In the following pages, the reader is presented with the personal recol- 
lections of Mr. T, C. Cheney, one of the oldest and most respected resi- 
dents of the city of Syracuse. 

These recollections consist principally of reminiscences of the early 
history of the cityj (or rather of the village) its progress in population, 
wealth and importance, notices of the most important local events that 
have transpired within its limit?, and brief sketches and anecdotes of sev- 
eral of the early inhabitants of the city and county. 

They were prepared at our request, for publication in the columns of 
the Daily and Weekly Standard, and the interest manifested in their 
perusal, together with the universally expressed desire to obtain them in 
some better form for preservation, have induced the publishers to issue 
them in pamphlet form, for the convenience ot the public. 

Mr. Cheney has been intimately connected with the business and history 
of the city, and has taken an active part in its development and progress, 
from the period when it was a small settlement in the swamp, on the banks 
of the Onondaga Creek, until it has proudly taken its place among the 
cities of the earth, and can boast of as elegant buildings, enterprising in- 
habitants and liberal institutions as any other place of its size in the 

His recollections are given in a plain, discursive and nnvamished style, 
without any attempt at literary polish, and the typographical execution 
corresponds with the unpretending style of the work. But they claim the 
merit of truthfulness, audit is confidently believed that every citizen 
will be interested in their perusal, THE PUBLISHERS. 

I I 





SYRACUSE IjSr 18-24:. 

My father, with his family, came to this 
eounty in the winter of 1811 and '12. _ This 
county then formed part of the " Military 
Tract," and was the residence of large num- 
bers of revolutionary soldiers, who had ob- 
tained the land for their services in our war 
for freedom. They were generally athletic, 
hardy and energetic, and well fitted to settle a 
new country. 

We lived on Onondaga East Hill about 
two years. My brothers and myself went to 
school in an old log school-house to oar wor- 
thy citizen D. B. Bickford. 

A tavern was kept there by Mr. John C. 
Brown, brother-in-law to Harvey Baldwin, 

Onondaga East Hill was then a place well 
adapted and frequently used as a rendezvous 
for regiments of soldiers passing from the 
eastern states to the Niagara frontier. 

Fragments of regiments and companies of 
British prisoners genrally camped there for the 
night by the side of a small stream, while on 
their way to and from the different places of 
detention or exchange. 

I well remember going one fall in a 
waggon with my father to Salina, after a load 
of salt. We went through Onondiga Hol- 
low by the way of Mickle's Furnace, to what 
was then called the "Corners," now Syracuse. 
At that time there was no road where the 
present Tully Plank Road now runs; that 
part of the county was still in its natural 

We stopned at a tavern on the present site 
of the Empire Block, kept by Mr. Bogardus, 
an old revolutionary soldier. The house 
was a small one, and was, I should judge, 
about twenty by thirty feet square and a 
story and a haU high. I do not recollect of 

seeing any other houses, though there may 
havebeen'two or three small ones. 

I well recollect that it was a cedar swamp 
from the corners to Lodi, and a corduroy 
road where the C4enesee turnpike now runs. 
The road was covered with an arch of cedars, 
and it looked very much like an arched rail- 
road tunnel a mile in length. " The Corntrs" 
at that time comprised the whole of Syra- 

At that time nearly all of the first settlers 
of this county were alive, and as a boy, I 
knew them. 

I was well acquainted with Gen. Asa Dan- 
forth, and used to visit him frequently to lis- 
ten to his stories about the revolution, and 
partake, of the delicious musk melons witli 
which he bountifully supplied me. 

I was at that time but six years old, and 
he must have been over seventy-five. I well 
remember the feelings of sorrow and regret I 
experienced as I saw him borne to his grave. 
He was buried on the knoll, next north of 
the old stone arsenal, and was removed from 
that place to the family burial ground of 
Thaddeus M. Wood, and a ie:v years ago his 
remains were again removed and placed in tho 
cemetery at Onondaga Hollow. 

Arthar Patterson, and Dr. Xeedham, of 
Onondaga Hollow, are the only persons now 
living who acted as pall bearers on that 
monrnfrl occasion. 

Gen. Danforth came to this county in the 
year 17SS, and settled in Onondaga Hollow, 
with the permission of the Indians. 

At that time there were full five hundred 
Indians belonging to the Onondaga tribe. 
Many of their old men were engaged in the 
revolution. They fought for his majesty 
Georee the 3d, against the Amrric?.n forces. 



They had also fought against Gen. Sulli- 
van soon after the revolution, in three small 
battles in this valley. Two ol those battles 
were fought within the corporate limits of 
this city. . 

Gen. Sullivan came up the Susquehanna 
with a large force, landeJ near Elmira, and 
crossed over the country west of this place, ■ 
until he reached Onondaga I;ike. He passed 
round the lake until he reached the ground 
now occupied by the Salt Springs Pump 
House, which used to be Henry Young's 
sand bed. At this point ho fought a severe 
battle with the and defeated 
them. The Indians retreated to the foot of 
the hill where the Water Works Reservoir is 
DOW located, and encamped. In the morning 
Gen. Sullivan sent out his scouts, who discov- 
ered and captured a couple af Indian spies in 
a large tree. From these two Indians they 
obtained information in regard to the camping 
place of the Ononda,'as. 

The General formed iiis army in the form 
of a crescent, and advanced over the hill, 
completely taking the Indians by surprise, 
while busily engaged in cooking breakfast, 
and shutting out every avenue of escape. At 
that time the flats near the foot of the hill 
were covered with water at al! seasons of the 

The Indians, discovering their situation, 
fought like savages while any hope was left, 
and then wildly plunged into the crcck and 
escaped by swimminL'. Large numbers of 
them were killed in the water. Gen. Sulli- 
van rapidly followed up his advantage, and 
completely destroyed the castle and the lar- 
gest portion of the village. 

In the village they found a negro lock- 
smith engaged in repairing the locks of the 
Indians guns. He was im.nediately seized 
by the infuriated army and hung and quar- 
tered in less than fat'teen minutes. 

The young chief Anteauga, was engaged in 
both of these battles, and distinguished him- 
self by his creat bravery, ile was presented 
by Gen. Washington with an oblong silver 
medal, which he always wore afterwards, as 
a token of friendship and fidelity to this gov- 
ernment. Tne medal is probably still in the 
possession of his relatives on this reservation. 

The Onondagas were nearly destroyed by 
this incursion of Gen. Sullivan into their 
country. They shortly afterwards came to 
terms, and were thenceforward allies of the 
American Government. 

This city was known from 1806 to 1809 
as " Borgardus Corners ;" from 180"J to 1S12 
,is " Miland ;" from 1812 to 18U as" South 
Salina;" from 181-t to 1817 as " Coseitt's 
Corners;" from 1817 to 1820 as " Corinth ;'' 
and from that time it has ever been known as 
Syracuse, the name given it by John Wil- 
kinson, E.-;ij , he being the Drst Tostmnstcr. 

Mr. Cheney came here to reside in March, 
1824. He boarded ou Church street, and 
used to cross " the green " where the old 
Baptist church (now the National Theatre) 
stands, on his way to work. 

One morning in the spring as he was 
going to his work, tlie thought came across 
his mind that he might live to see the time 
when the '• Corners " would become a large 
and flourishing place, and that when that 
time did arrive, it would he pleasant to look 
back to the year 1824 and be able to tell how 
many housee were then erected. 

From where he stood every house in the 
village could be distinctly seen. He counted 
them and found there were but twenty-three 
finished houses, and si.x or seven under way. 

How few there are, if placed in the same 
circumstances with Mr. Cheney would havf' 
conceived and cerried out such an idea'.' 
Aud yet that wild dream of the future has 
come to pass. "The Corners" have grown, 
until now they fill the vast bcmndaries of 
Syracuse — the '-City of Salt" and -'Isms." 

At that time it was thought the "old Ked 
Mill" would be the business centre of the fu- 
ture city. What citizen of Syracuse during 
the p:ist ten years does not remember the f,ld 
Red ilill ? We, the compiler, well remember 
its old walls. In our more youthful daya it 
was one of our favorite places of resort. We 
remember the feelings of awe and wonder wo 
were wont to e.xperlencc as we watched the 
great wooden water-wheel turn, turn, with a 
uniform motion, as if striving to get rid of 
the great weight of water, let fall upon its 
time worn frame from the moss covered flume. 
We remember curiously watching the tin 
boxes of the elevater as they wound rapidly 
upward, bearing their burdens of grain or 
flour; of listening to the ceaseless burr-r-rof 
its diiTereiit run of stone, aud the clatter of 
the hopper as it supplied their greedy mouths. 
We remember the great bolter, and the 
wooden spout from which issued a great 
dusty stream of bran or shorts ; the huge box, 
into whieh was emptied the farmers bags of 
grain to be weighed, and then lef down into a 
bin below, through a S(juare hole in the bot- 
tom. And we do not forgei the dark frown 
that would overshadow the fat jovial face of 
the miller, as we, boj-fashion, dipped our 
unresisting hand into the wheat bin, and 
commenced that great delight of boys, making 

We remember still later, when the old mill 
had been .Tbandoned, and the great wheel had 
ceased to turn the complicated machinery, of 
crowding burglar-like into one of its back 
j *-indows and playing "hide and seek" within 
its deserted walU; of trembling and turning 
pale as we were startled by the noise made by 
I somo ancient rat as it clattered across the 
floor : of starting noiselessly down the stairs 

Itl-.AIUMSI- r.^-x^i: 

Ol l.Ai- I. o» 

OS the declining sun threw a dim and dismol 
light through its mildewed windows, looking 
right and left, expecting every instant to be- 
hold some ghost or other frightful apparition; 
until we reached the street, when drawing a 
deep sigh of relief and casting a sidelong 
glance at the old mill wu would start on the 
homeward track; and we remember the old 
wooden bridge across the creek and race, 
from which we tirst witnessed the ceremony 
of baptism. 

Excuse us, kind reader, for indulging in 
these sweet, sad memories of the past. At 
limes we delight to revel in the shades of 
other days, and the old Red Mill and ricketty 
wooden bridge, with many pleasant associa- 
lious, hold a prominent place in our memo- 

The old Red Mill was built in IS05 and set 
in operation the following year by Mr. Wal- 
ton, of the famous "Walton Tract." It was 
situated on the east bank of the Oiiondnga 
Creek, near the present substantial bridge, 
spanning the creek on West Geneace st. In 
1850 the old mill with its ancient companion, 
the wooden bridge, was removed to make 
room for the present artistic superstructure. 
The motive power was furnished by a mill 
race, leading from the old mill pond, now 
Jefferson F^rk. The mill dam stood where 
the ' present Water street bridge has been 
erected, and the pond extended as far south 
as Cinder road bridge. The waste water 
from the mill run directly into Onondaga 

The old mill contained two run of stone, 
and Henry Young was miller in 1824. 

When it became necessary lo remove the 
old mill dam, the Syracuse Co. employed 
Mr. Young to make a pond west of the salt 
oCace, to be tilled by the wa.-te water from the 
canal, and to dig a rac'j iiom the p-jnd to the 

While he was engaged in digging the race 
he removed anoldpinestump,standing in front 
of the dwelling of E. F. Wa"l lace, measuring 4 
feet in diameter. At the foot of this stump 
among the roots he found the bones of a 
large Indian, a tomahawk, beads, knives, and 
a rude earthen pot containing black and red 
paint. The paint was as fresh and perfect as 
though mixed the day before. Mr. Young 
claimed that the bones of this Indian, with 
the tomahawk, knives, and pot of paint, had 
lain there for two hundred years. He had 
known the spot of ground for forty years, and 
the tree had been cut before he saw the place. 
The tomahawk found with the Indian is now 
in the possession of Mr. Cheney. It is a 
small iron hatchet with a pipe bowl for a 
head. The handle of this instrument was 
too much decayed to he preserved. This 
hatchet mast have been brought here with 

the French Jesuits in 1056, and was obtain- 
ed from them by this Indian, who, to judge 
from the quantity of trinkets and ornnment.-i 
buried with him, must have been a very rich 

A little southwest of the old Red Mill, on 
the rare leading from the dauj, Capt. liufus 
Parsons buiit a mill for the purpose ot 
making linseed oil. In IS'24 it was in full 

Southeast of the oil mill, on the same side 
of the race, there stood a sawmill. It was 
built in 1805, In 1824 it was run by Fred- 
erick Horner. 

That year pine lumber sold at the mill lor 
four dollars per thousand, and hemlock lor 
two dollars and fifty cents. Even at these 
prices ''store pay" had to be taken. 

Mr. Hickos built a tannery that year 
on the present site of Walters' sheep-skin 
factory. Part of the old building is now 
standing. Mr. Hicox also built the bouse on 
the corner of Mill and Mechanic streets. 

In 1824 that portion of our city now occu- 
pied by the Syracuse Pump House, was cov- 
ered with a dense growth of small trees and 
bushes. Among these trees, near the pres- 
ent sand bed, stood a grave stone which had 
been erected a great many years before to the 
memory of a poor Indian trader who was 
murdered on that spot by the Onondagas. 
The inscription on the grave stone recorded 
the name of '• B>;njamin Xewkirk, 1783" 
With Newkirk came a boy by the name of 
Webster. By reason of some act on their 
part displeasing to the natives, a council was 
held, at which it was agreed to kill them. 
Newkirk they immediately despatched with a 
tomahawk. Webster's time had to all ap- 
pearance come ; he was escorted by two In- 
dians to the place of execution. Arrived at 
the spot he told his conductors that ho 
wanted to d ink once more before he died. 
The request was granted; whereupon he 
took his cop and drank the health of the 
Chiefs in a flattering speech. The speech 
captivated an old man so greatly that he 
exclaimed, "no kill'm." Alter some parly 
he was released and adopted into the tribe. 
Soon afterwards he was married to a squaw. 
She did not live long. He married another 
with the understanding that she was to re- 
main his wife as long as she kept sober. He 
lived with her near twenty years, although he 
contrived many plots to get her intoxicated, 
that he might get rid of her and marry a 
white woman, as the whites became numerous. 
At the end of this period, with the aid of 
milk punch, he succeeded in his cruel at- 
tempts. The morning following her dis- 
grace she arose and without speaking a word, 
proceeded to gather together her personal 
efl'ects, and left for her friends, no more the 


wife of VVeb3ter. Of a sensitive mind, and 
possessing a large sluire of self-respect, grief 
so prejed apon her that she died in a short 
time after the separation. One o! her sons is 
now the principal Chief of the Onondagas, 
and is a man of unblemished character. Af- 
ter his second wife left him, Webster married 
Catharine Danks, a daughter of one of the 
e;\rly settlers of this county. 

\Veb3ter was very serviceable in the wur 
of 1812 in commanding the Indians, and act- 
ing in the capacity of a spy for Gen. Brown. 
He was a perfect Indirin in manners ; could 
speak all the dialects of the American and Ca- 
nadian tribes, and was a very shrewd and as- 
gacious mac. He used to make journies into 
Canada, and pretending to bs intoxicated, lie 
around the fort at Kingston, for the purpose 
of obtaining information to communicate to 
the General at Sacket's Harbor. In order to 
get over the St. Lawrence he would steal a 
boat, which upon landing on the other side he 
would set adrift ; and on retcrning he would 
repeat the theft. The General and he were 
in close communion, and the nature of their 
interviews was known only to themselves. 
"When on these Canadian expeditions, ho 
v.'oukl disguise himself with a coloring sub- 
stance, that gave him the exact arpearance 
of an Indian, and that coald not be washed 
off from the skin by any ordinary process. 
He always pretended that his errand among 
the red coats was to obtain food or whiskey, 
and among the otQcers of recent importation 
he met with uniform kindness ; but the old 
ones, who knew him well, usually sent him 
away with a kick or a curse. 

A little east of Newkirk'e grave, myself 
and other boys used to dig up the remains of 
Indians, for the purpose of getting possession 
of the beads, kettles, knives and other imple' 
raents of warfare, or an ornamental dress that 
had been buried with them — this being the 
spot where the slain on both sides in the first 
battle Gen Sullivan had with the Onondagas 
were consigned to their final resting place. 

Across the creek v.-est of the old Ked Mill 
there were but few houses standing in 1824, 
and only two or three more were built that 

The houBe Hon. Geo. F. Comstock now 
owns and occupies, was occupied that year 
by John Wall. He boarded the hands em- 
ployed by Cyprian Hebbard, step-father of 
Geo. Stevens, Esq., of this city. Mr. Heb- 
bcrd now resides in Onondaga Valley, and is 
a man seventy-one years of age. 

In 1824 Mr. Hebbard was engaged in 
building the salt works on both sides of Gcm- 
esee street, west of the Cnondaga creek. 

A small yellow house then stood on the 
present site of Allen ilonroe's new house, 
and in 1824 was occupied by Sterling Cossitt, 

formerly landlord of the old Mansion Honse.- 

The house now standing on the corner of 
West and Genesee streets, lately occupied by 
D. O. Salmon, Esq., was buill that year by 
Henry Young, the Miller. His brother, An- 
drew Young, built the second house south of 
the corner on West street. 

Old Mrs. Marble then lived on West st. 
Christopher Hyde lived nearly opposite of 
her residence. A carpenter named Patter- 
son lived a little north of Mr. Ilyde. 

Tho house Joseph Savage has occupied eo 
many years, was built in 182.3 and finished in 
1824. It was occupied that year by Calvin 
Mitchell, a contractor. He obtained the 
contract for buildidg the railroad between 
Schenectady and Albany, one of the first rail- 
roads ever built in this State. 

These were the only houses then standing 
on the west side of Onondaga creek and 
north of tho canal. 

The old house standing on the southeast 
corner of Genesee and Mill streets, was bnilt 
several years before by Capt. Rufus Parsons. 
The house now standing near the northeast 
corner of Gencsve and Mill streets, was oc- 
cupied by Frederick Horner. 

Mr. Horner is nor? nearly eighty years of 
age, and is the only man now living in this 
city that ever saw George Washington. 

About the time of the first invention of 
the grain elevator, inventors experienced great 
difficulty and espeuso in obtaining patent 
rights. Mr. Horner was then engaged in 
tending mill in New Jersey, and one of the 
newly invented elevators had been placed in 
his mill, and as yet had not been patented; 
though the inventor was using every means 
injhis power to secure the desired protection 
of his skill. Washington, who was then Pres- 
ident, was induced by the invention to di- 
verge from the direct rente to the seat of 
government at New York, and witness the 
performance of the elevator. Thus was Mr. 
Horner afforded the pleasure of exhibiting to 
the father of his country one of the first 
grain elevators. This was tho only time Mr. 
Horner ever saw the great Washington, and 
he remembers him distinctly as he appeared 
on that occasion. 

A little north of Mr. Horner's residence 
Andrew Young lived in a small wooden 
house which is now standing. 

The house that I>avid StaflTord now lives 
in on West Gencsot^ street, was built by his 
father in 1824. lie was a carpenter by 
trade, and assisted in building the old Bap- 
tist church and si-veral other edifices. 

A Mr. Cook built the house next west of 
A. McKinstry's prtscnt residence on Church 

Mr. D. Canfield built the house next east 
of Public School House No. 4, and that year 


it was occupied by the Rev. Mr. Barlow, the 
Episcopalian minister. 

Samuel Booth was the principal master 
mason at that time, and owned and lived in 
a wooden house a little east of Publio School 
House No. 4. He did the mason work on 
the old SaleratQs Factory, and was a promi- 
nent, influential mechanic. 

An old yellow painted house then stood on 
the point formed by 'the junction of Genesee 
and ("hurch streets, and was occupied by 
Deacon Fellows. The first house next west 
of the old Baptist church was then standing. 

Elijah Bicknall built the old Baptist 
church that year. Elder Gilbert was Pastor 
of the church that year, and when the car- 
penters got ready to raise the building he 
mounted the limbers and made a long prayer, 
for tho blessing and prosperity of their work. 
Mr. Bicknall also built the small yellow 
house east of the old church, fronting on 
Church street. 

L. A. Cheney purchased the lot fronting on 
the corner of Franklin and Mechanic streets 
that year, for two hundred and fifty dollars. 
It was then considered one of the most desir- 
able lots in the village, on account of its be- 
ing so nearthe centre of business. 

Pie had his choice, and selected that in 
preference to all others in the village, at the 
same price. Few persons, if any, then tho't 
that the south side of the canal would ever be 

The old wooden house east of the foot 
bridge on Franklin street, was built that 
year by Matthew L. Davis, and was kept 
the same year as a tavern by William Hicks. 
Mr. Davis also built the present residence of 
Wm. L. Palmer on Genesee st. While 
Mr. Palmer's family were engaged in clean- 
ing house last spring, they explored a large 
hole in one of the numerous cupboards, and 
discovered the remains of a linen pillow case 
marked " Matthew L. Davis." 'J'his pillow 
cnse mast have lain in that hole upwards of 
thirty years. It was probably stolen by 
some mischievous rat and deposited in that 

A little east of Mr. Hicks' tavern Mr. P. 
Clarke occupied a small frame house. 

The salt fields back of Church street were 
in full operation that year. 

The house Mr. Driscoll lived in, between 
Church street and the salt works, was built 
that year by Mr. Ryder. He also built two 
small houses on Mill street. 

Where Public School House Xo. 4, now 
stands, there was standing in 1824 an un- 
painted frame house twenty-five feet square, 
a story and a half high, with a roof sloping 
four ways. This building contained one 
room vory high between joints, which was 
warmed by a large box stove. The room was 
furnished with old fashioned, inconvenient 

school house furniture, and in this room 
William K. Blair, for five days an 1 a half 
in each week, taught the young ideas of Sy- 
racuse how to shoot. 

The Universalista held regular meetings 
every Sabbath, in this room. 

The celebrated Orestes A. Brownson, oc- 
casionally preached Universalism in this 
school house to the inhabitants of Syracuse. 

The house now occupied by Henry Fellows 
on West Genesee street, was occupied by 
Widow Creed (now Mrs. M. D. Burnet,) as a 
boarding bouse. 

The house on the corner of Franklin and 
Genesee sts., the present residence of Geo. B. 
Walters, was built that year by Henry Gif- 
ford, Esq. Mr Gifford cut some of the sleep- 
ers for his house from th* ground now occu- 
pied the residence of John Cronse, on the 
corner of Fayette and Mulberry streets. 

Mr. D. Caiifield lived in a small house nest 
east of Booth's on Church st. 

B. Filkins lived next to him on the same 
side of the street. 

John Wall built a small house east of Fil- 
kins's, for the Syracuse Company. 

Miles Seymour built the hon^e on the 
southwest corner of Genesee and Franklin 
streets. He also built and kept a blaclf- 
smith shop on the corner of Clinton Alley 
and Genesee street, the present site of the 
Dana Block. 

Rev. Dr. Adams lived in a small wooden 
bouse on Franklin street, between the canal 
and Genesee street. The house was built ii> 
1824, and occupied by Mr. Adams in 1825. 

I\Ir. Hiram Hyde built the house near the 
centre of tho block, between Clinton and 
Franklin streets. 
Henry Newton lived in a small yellow house 
next west of John Ritchie's new store. 

The old Eagle Tavern, kept by Frederick 
Rhyne, then stood on the presentsite of John 
Ritchie's store, and did a large business. 

Joel Cody owned and lived in a small 
wooden house where the new Baptist church 
now stands. Attached to his house he had 
a large, well kept garden, stocked with fruit 
trees and grapes, running back to Church st. 
ilr. Cody was at that time Captain of a 
Packet Boat running between Utica and 
Rochester, and was noted for his eccentricity 
and love of fun. 

East of Mr. Cody's house two brothers by 
the name of Woodward built a large frame 
house, which was kept by them for a hotel 
for about a year. Afterwards Mr. Gates, 
son-in-law of sterling Cossitt, kept the house, 
until it was accidentally burned. 

The present residence of P. S. Stoddard 
was occupied in 1S24 by Squire Bacon. He 
kept his Justice OfSce in the basement. 

The present residence of Daniel Dana stood 
between Woodward's Tavern and a small 

r:t..a.'.isct;->.'CEs of 9Yi...„lSE. 

house standing next to Capt. Cody's, occu- 
pied by a weak minded man named Cohen. 

Deaeon Dana came hero in 1825, and 
worked in the oalt works packing salt. 

-Monday, Jnly 5th, 1824, marks the date of 
the first celebration of our National Inde- 
pendence ever held in this city. The " Si^r- 
ncuse Gazette" o( J\i]y Ith, 1824, published 
by Mr. Durnford, {;ives the following accoant 
ofthe celebration : 

"At the n\orn"s early da,\m the diiy was ushered in by 
the thuniler of cannon hurstingupon the stillness of the 
hoar; an j at sunrise a Xational Salute was tired froin 
Prospect nill, on the north side of the vil!nc:e. As the 
spiring columns of the cannon's smoke disappeared the spangled banner of onr country was then seen float- 
ing uiajesticallv in the air, from the top of a towering 
staff erected on'the summit of this hill for the occasion.— 
At about twelve o'clock, a procession was formed in front 
ofilr; Williston's Hntcl, under the direction of Col. A. P. 
Granser, marshal of the day. An escort, consisting of 
Oapt.'Eossiter's conipanyof Light Horse, an Artillery 
Company under the command of Lieut. J. 1). F.ose, ami 
Capt. II.' W. DurnforJ's company of Piliemen, withthei 
music swelling and banners flying, preceded the process 
ion which moVed to the new meeting house — (the old 
Baptist Church.) Here the usual exercises took place, 
and an oration was pronounced by J. 1!. Si'tep.mkistek 
Esq., which w;ui received by the lar-e atseinbly with a 
universal burst of approbatii>n. Tlie procession then 
formed again and moved throuL'h tlie villa^-e to the sum 
niit of Prospect Hill, where nniler a bower a numerous 
rompanv partook of a cold collation preiiared by Mr. Wil- 
liston— (.laiullonl ofthe Mansion House.) 

It was a truly interesting siirht to see among our fellow 
citizens who participated in the festivities of this d.ay, a 
bout thirty of the re.mnant of that gallant band of patri 
ots who fought in the reViilution. These spared monu 
mentsof our counsry's honored thecomp.any with 
their presence throuL'hout the day, giving a zest to the 
estivities ran-Iy to be found in common celebrations of 
his National .Viiniversary." 

The principal object of attraction on that 
day was the Rifle comp.iny, composed of the 
young men ofthe county, and commanded by 
H. W. Durnford, Lieut. James H. Luther, 
and Orderly Zophar H. Adams. 

They were dressed in red Scotch plaid 
frocks and pants, trimmed on the bottom 
and sides with a bright red fringe. They 
wore leather caps with long red feathers, and 
carried the long Indian rifle, with powder 
horns and bullet pouches. As they marched 
through the streets they presented a gay and 
imposing appearance. 

Prospect Hill was then full forty feet 
higher than at present. The trees and bush- 
es were removed from its summit for the pur- 
pose ef the celebration. 

In making a further examination of the 
files of Mr. Diirnford's paper, the Si/ 
Gazette, vie find the following communication 
which was published on the I4th of Jnly : 

Tn Co!. Amok P. Griinrji;i\ and thvou'jh him to the 

CnmntHtee of Armnr/einents : 

At the retpiest of those soldiers ofthe revolution pres- 
ent at this cl.ays's celebration, the undersicned take this 
occasion to express their sratitude for the polite and 
generous attention shown them on this interesting occa- 
sion. To us who are now tottering on the d'lwn hill of 
life, -whoso now feeldo limbs were once strong' in our 
country's cause, wlio went forth to i.erish or gaiu that 
liberty'we this day enjoy: the b.atisfaction of an cheerful 
welcome, responded by our children an<l our childrens 
children, cannot fail to reach our hearts and inspire us 
with respectful gratitude. In you we witness that re- 

publican spirit which actuated us in times past, and I 
tained us in the dreadful conflict, and now holds 
worlilin awe. In the heiL'ht of your prosperity you w 
not uuududful of us. a small remnant ofthe aruiy of i 
revolution, but conferred on us the honor of leading j 
to the festive board, iinder the banners of our h.ard ea: 
ed independence. Gentlemen, accept our th.anks, s 
may the God of mercy lengthen yo\ir days, strength 
your hands and unite your hearts, in patriotic devoti 
"to the hcmor and welfare of (Uir beloved country. 
.JUllN YOUNG, " 
Committee in beh.aU'of the'Tlimen. 
Sye.vcuse. Julys, IS'.M. 

- These aged veterans fa(.t disappeared, an 
at the ne.xt year's celebration only abou 
half the number were present. The secon 
yi'ar following they were still fewer in num 
ber, and finally all sank into honored grave 
amid the reorets of every true patriot. Ji 
1824 the thirty veterans who were presen: 
walked in the procession on foot, but in the 
succeeding years time had made so great in- 
roads on thair ranks and constitations that 
carriages were provided for their accommoda- 

A little Irishman named John Dunn, had a 
blacksmitliing and horse shoeing shop ne.'^t; 
ea.ct of Capt. Parsons' house, on the corner 
of Genesee and Mill streets. He was a jolly 
whiskey-loving fellow, and afforded a great; 
deal of amusement to his customers. 

East of David Stafford's bouse there stood 
a large yellow painted carriage factory, car- 
ried on by a Mr. Martin.' Between the fac- 
tory and Striflbrd's house there was standing 
in 1824 a large pine tree. 

The old vellow stores, now Taylor & Co.'g 
Saleratu.s Factory, were erected in 1824. 
Samuel Booth had the contract for and per- 
formed the mason work ofthe building. Dan- 
iel Elliott, of Auburn, performed the carpen- 
ter work. 

Mf^hew L. Davis occupied the store on 
tbe-eofder of Genesee and Clinton sts., as a 
dry goods store. 

Oeman and Chester Walbridge occupied 
the store ne.xt to him as a dry goods and 
general assortment store. 

A man from New York kept a bookstore 
in the same block, in the store next to the 
canal. The store on Genesee street was oc- 
cupied by Sam'l Hicks as a hat store. 

A one and a half story wooden store be- 
tween the Kaglc Tavern and Hicks' hat shop, 
was occupied by Alatthew L. Davis, pre- 
vious to his going into the corner of the then 
new block. 

Before the new stores were completed, the 
Walbridges occupied the old store formerly 
standing on the corner of Clinton Alley. 

B. B. Batchelder occupied a store next to 
him, and kept a general assortment of all de- 
scriptions of goods. 




A. Root occupied the third store from the 
corner, as a boot aud shoe store. 

These old buildings were all removed last 
summer to make room for the new Court 

Cliuton Square, the f;iraous resort for our 
wood dealers from the country, was then a 
large green, upnn which many a game of base 
was played by the youn^ men of the village. 
'I'he packet boats used to land their passen- 
gers on the tow-path, and they would cross 
the green to the old Mansion House. 

The '• Mansion House" stood on the ground 
now occupied by the stately Empire Block. 

It was built in 180.5 by Mr. Henry Bogar- 
du3, and kept by him as a tavern for several 
j'enrs. Back of the house Mr. Bogardus 
erected his barns and out hou=ies. He also 
Ret out a large orchard of apples and other 
fruit, Some of the old apple trees are still 
Htanding, and bejr a very excellent variety ol 
fruit. Mr. BogMrdus hud no regular bar in 
his tavern, and (vas accustomed to set his 
liquors and glasses out upon a large table. 

The proprieiorship of the Mansion House 
changed hands several times during its esis- 

lu the spring of 1824 Sterling Cossitt was 
the landlord. Thnt spriug the house was en- 
larged and renovated, and 0. H. Williston 
assumed the proprietorship. 

The Mansion House was a shabby patched 
up old concern, requiring additions and alter- 
ations every year, until it looked like a relic 
of other day.s. It was the scene of many a 
hard " Salt Point spree," and had its old 
Walls heeii gifted with the power of speech, 
they could have told many a strange tale of 
hard fought, sternly contested battles be- 
tween the sturdy residents of Salina and Syr- 
acuse. The greatest rivalry e.xisted between 
the two places in 1824, which manifested it- 
self in'- free tights " evei'y time the residents 
of either town crossed the boundary line. 
That year the Salt Pointers strained every 
nerve as far as building and business were 
concerned, to outstrip the rapid growth of 
Syracuse ; but every exertion proved una- 
vailing, Syracuse shot ahead like a race horse, 
and has ever since maintained the ascen- 

In 1845 the old Mansion House and atten- 
ding buildings were removed to make room 
for the Empire Block. 

The Empire Block was commenced in 1845, 
by John H. Tomlinson, aud Stephen W. 
Cadwell, of Syracuse, and John Thomas, of 
Albany. The building was finished in 1847, 
when John II. Tomlinson became sole owner. 
Mr. Tomlinson was killed by a railroad acci- 
dent at Little Falls, in the summer of 1848. 
He was an active, enerjjetic, enterprising 
man, and carried on more business than ten 

ordinary men could well accomplish. He 
was a native of this county, and died deeply 
regretted by a very extensive acijuaintaucu 
throughout the State. 

In the f.ill of 1848 the Empire was sold un- 
der the hammer to John Taylor, of Newark, 
New Jersey. It was afterwards purchased 
by James L. A'oorhees, and John D. Norton. 
In 18."iU Col. Voorheea bfcime sole owner, 
and during the summer of 1856 he miide hrge 
and important additions and improvements 
on the original building, until it is now one 
of the largest, best built and arranged blocks 
in the citv. 

Col. Yoorhees came to this county in the 
winter of 1812-13. He settled in Lyaander, 
about 20 miles from this city. The Col. was 
then eighteen years of age. He started iu 
life witbaii axe, aud has hewn himielf icto a 
position of great wealth and influence. In 
his early days the Col. passed under the fa- 
miliar nickimiijcd of the ''Dutchman," and 
"the tall pine i f Lysunder." He has been 
engaged since his boyhood in the lumber 
business, in all of its departments, from the ot- 
fice of "chopper" to the position of the ex- 
tensive landed proprietor. In the years 1844 
-5 and C he was engaged in the construction 
of the extensive Atlantic docks, in the port 
of New York. He is now sixty-two years of 
age, and appears as hale and hearty as a man 
of fiTty, and even now transacts an amount of 
business that would require the time «nd en- 
ergies of three or four common men to ac- 

In 1824 the people used a peculiar kind of 
hay scales. A load of hay was drawn under 
a roof, four chains were lowered and attach- 
ed to the hubs of the waggon, and by means 
of pulleys and a windlass the load of bay was 
hoisted into the air, and the weight determin- 
ed by a huge pair of steelyards in the lolt of 
the building. Such an inconvenient contriv- 
ance for weighing hay stood a little north of 
the Mansion House. 

The house now standing on the southeast 
corner of Clinton Alley and Church street, 
now occupied by Geo. B. Barker. Esq., was 
built iu 1824, by Asa Marvin. The house 
next east of it was built by John Wall for 
Ihe Syracuse Company. 

The present resiaence of J. D. Dana, Esq., 
on the cornor of Church street and Clinton 
Alley, was built that year by a Mr. Denslow. 
The oid canal stables on Clinton Alley were 
ill full blast in 1824. They were ow'ued by 
John A. Green, father of oar well known gro- 
cery merchant of that name — now part of the 
New Court House Lot. 

In 1824 Gen. A. P. Granger was the pro- 
prietor of a store containing a general assort- 
ment of all descriptions of wares and mer- 
chandise, on the present site of the Star Buil- 


dings, Hiram Deniing was hia clerk. Hii 
store was a long two story building, fronting 
on Salina street. The building stood back 
from the street a few feet, and had a green 
fence of posts and cross bars between the 
street and house, to which his customers fas- 
tened their teams when the-y came to trade. 
The south end was occupied by the store, and 
the north end of the house and second story, 
the Gen. occupied as a dwelling house. Be- 
tween the fence and the house a considerable 
quantity of shrubbery had been set out, form- 
ing a miniature flower garden. The Gen. 
was one of the principal men of the village, 
and on the occasion of LaFayette's passage 
through Syracuse, (June 8th, 1825) during 
his last visit to this country, he was made 
the orator of the day. 

The General performed the duties of the 
oEBce to the entire satisfaction of every pei- 
son present on that occasion, by making an 
excellent and appropriate speech to the as- 
gembled citizens, from the deck of a canal 
boat, in honor of the distinguished visitor. 

At the time of LaFayette's visit to this 
pliice, there lived at Onondaga Hollow a large 
athletic man named Moore, familiarly known 
under the appellation of " Donakeedee." 
Tnis man was engaged in the revoluiion and 
served as a private in LaFayette's regiment 
While in the army he had been nicknamed on 
account of his e.xtremely large head, "Cab- 
bage Head." LaFnyette came from the west 
by the way of Marcellus, Ouondaga Hill, and 
Onondaga Hollow. While passin<f thro' the 
Hollow, iloore was brought before hira, and 
be was aked \^ho it was. LaFayette regard- 
ed the man a moment, and then exclaimed, 
"Why it's Cabbage Head." This story will 
serve to show the remarkable memory of the 
preat LaFayette. He had not seen "Cabbage 
Head" for torty-two years, and yet his memo- 
ry of the man was perfect. 

A few moments alter LaFayette had made 
his fin;d bow to the assembled citizens, and 
retired to the cabin of the boat in which he 
was then traveling, a large scow boat loaded 
down with men women and children, arrived 
from Geddes to see the great and illustrious 
companion of Washing-ton. LaFayette be- 
ing informed of their arrival, again ascended 
to the deck, amid the prolonged cheers of 
tha multitude, said a few words to his Geddes 
visitants, and bowing, proceeded on his way 
to Utira. 

LaFayetta was a man of medium height, 
well proportioned, and stood very erect for a 
man of his age, large head, full features, a 
rough, swarthy skin, and board cut smooth. 
, He wore a very early, light brown wig, 
rather inclined to red, and was dressed in a 
straight bodied black coat, black silk vest. 
Nankeen pants, and calfskin shoes. He was 

very polite and pleasing in f^is address, in 
fact a most perfect and polished gentleman in 
every respect. 

LaFayette's son, George Washington La- 
Fayette, accompanied him on his last visit to 
this country. He was a larger man than his 
father. 'I'he top of bis head was bald, what 
little hair he possessed being brown. He 
was a very good looking man, free and easy 
in his manners, and dressed in black. 

In 1824 Salina street bridge consisted of 
one single stone arch, barely high enough to 
admii of the passage of the small boats used 
in those days. A'stone wall was raised about 
three feet above the level of the roadway on 
each side of the bridge, and was covered with 
flag coping full three feet broad. This wall 
formed a favorite lounging place for the lazy 
people of Syracuse. 'I'hey could lie on the 
coping and watch the boats as they passed 
up and down the canal, and at the same time 
witness all that transpired in the village. Oc- 
casionally one of tlie numerous loafers would 
go to sleep and roll off into the canal, thus 
furnishing .food for the gossiping tongues of 
the villagers for many a day and week. 

In 1824 Stephen W. Cadwell and Paschal 
Thurber, bought ont a man by the name of 
Cummings, who kept a lot of pet bears, 
wolves, monkeys and other wihi animals on 
the grouud now occupied by Caldwell and the 
Dorau brothers, un James street. 'I'hisCum- 
ings was a miserable old fellow, and every- 
body was glad to get rid of him. 

Between Cad well's and Granger's corner 
there were three or four old rookeries stand- 
ing, occupied by ditlereut persons, who deriv- 
ed the principal part of their trade from the 
canal boatmen. 

Last of CadwcH's a man named Brockway 
occupied a little shop as a meat market. 

Next to the meat market there stood a 
large frame building painted red, a miserable 
old shell at best. 

East of this red house on the corner now 
occupied as a grocery by B. C. Lathrpp. a 
store house was kept by E. L. Clark in u 
large wooden building, since burned. 

In 1824 that portion of James street styled 
"Bobbers' Kow," had been surveyed and laid 
out asa street, but had not been woiked. The 
trees and brush had been cleared off, and the 
passage of teams bad made considerable of a 
trail. Stores and houses on the south side 
of the street had their front entrances open- 
ing on the towing path. The gable ends and 
back yards of the houses were on James st. 

James street proper waa at that time only 
an Indian trail, li-ading over the hills to 
what was then Pool Settlement, now the first 
gate. The eyo of tho loneiy wayfarer on that 
trail was DOt gladdened by the sight of the 
lordly and palatial residences of the upper 


ten, that now give a grand and aristocratic 
appearance to this beautiful stnet. 

The only object on this trail which then 
served as a resting place to eyes, (if there ever 
were such, wearied with continuous watching 
of swaying trees and falling leaves in the 
dense forest, where God speaks to man through 
the rustling leaves, the sighing wind, and the 
joyous appearance of nil nature, as with a hu 
man voice.) was the dwelling house of Major 
Burnet, erected that year by Rodney Sar- 
gents, of Auburn. 'I'bis house stood on a 
slight emicence now occupied by the new res- 
idence of Slajor Burnet. The house fronted 
the south, and bad a path or rather an im- 
promptu road leading directly to the towing 
path on the Erie Canal. The house then 
stood far out of town, and the only avenue 
of approach for teams was by the tow path 
aud theprivate road. Persons on foot could 
reach the hou-e by taking the trail and beat- 
ing through the underbush. 

The old Collector's office stood between 
the bridges spinning the junction of the Erie 
and Oswego canals. 

A foundation of hewn timber was laid upon 
"Goose Island," on the north side of the towing 
path, and upon this was erected a small frame 
h')use, which was designated as the Canal 
Collector's office. Dr. Colvin was the Col- 
lector in 18'24, and employed Ben. C. La- 
throp, and B. F. Colvin as clerks in his of- 
Qce. The Dr. resided in a small Crame house 
on Salina street, a little north of Waggoner's 

The amount of produce cleared during the 
season of 18'24 from this ofBce, was 12,065 
bbl3 of flour, 2,862 bbls provisions. 2, .565 bbis 
ashes, 76,631 bbU salt, and 64,2-10 bushels of 

The atnoant of toll received at the office 
during the season of 1824 was §18,491 58. 

The old weigh lock was completed that 
year. It was built upon an entirely diflferent 
plan from the one now followed; the weight 
of the boat being determined by measuring 
the quantity of water it displaced. 

Deacon Spencer then owned and occupied 
the old boat yard (now John Durston's,) near 
the Oswego canal. The boat yard was then 
considered out of town, the easiest avenues of 
approach being by the tow-path. 

Deacon Spencer lived in a Small frame 
boase adjoiniug, and west of the present 
'• Greyhound " Inn, on the corner of James 
»nd Warren streets. 

Between Deacon Spencer's residence and 
Waggoner's corner there were two small edi- 
fices, The first one was occupied and used 
as a blacksmith shop. The other was the 
residence of Widow Gushing, who obtained a 
scanty subsistence by retailing milk to those 
needing this product of her only cow. 

A little mercurial Frenchman, named 
Lewis, a brother-in-law of Sterling Cossitt, 
resided in the first house north of Dr. Colvin's 
on Salina street. 

Jas. Sackett commenced building in 1824, a 
little north of Dr. Colvin and the Frenchman. 
He was a very eccentric man, and at times 
was feared and di>liked by all his neighbors, 
because he would persist in indulging in the 
the most eccenirif habits. 

Dr. Colvin's, the Frenchman's, and Mr. 
Sackett's, were the only houses on the block 
opposite of the Empire in 1824. 

A small frame housn stood on the ground 
now occupied by the Noxon Block. It was 
then occupied as a dwelling by Isaac Stan- 

Amos Stanton, the father of Isaac and 
Rufus Stanton, came hereto reside in 1805. 
He engaged in the manufacture, daring the 
winter, of salt. That article then sold for 
three dollars per barrel. In 1816 the price 
had be(n reduced to two dollars per barrel, 
and in 1824 it was sold for a dollar and a 
half per barrel. 

Mr, Stanton then, 1805, owned one square 
acre of ground, including the land now occu- 
pied by the old " Ogle Tavern," near the 
Oswego canal bridge on Salina street. Mr. 
Stanton had this acre of land cleared and con- 
verted into a wheat field. He also hired a 
few acres anutheast of his lot and worked 
the whole as a farm in the summer time. 

When the Oswego canal was built they cut 
diagonally through Mr. Stanton's acre. 

The Ogle Tavern was occupied as a private 
dwelling bouse in 1824. 

, Mr. Bogardus, of the Mansion House, bnilt 
a small Iranie house, near the present site of 
Corinthian Hall, which he occupied whde 
building the Mansion House. Paschal Thur- 
ber lived in it in 1824. 

The house- stood on the bnnk of a small 
natural creek, fir.ce arched and formed into a 
sluice way for the passage of the surplus water 
of the new weigh lock. 

On the north side of the Oswego canal the 
house lately known as " Churchs' Grocery," 
then belonged to the widow of Peter Wales, 
and was occupied by her as a dwelling house. 

The land north and east of Widow Wales' 
house was covered by a young growth of 
trees and underbush, the only charing being 
the patch of ground near ihe old Centre 
House, upon which one Harry Blake had 
built himself a dwelling, aud commenced to 
farm it. 

There were no other dwellings between Syr- 
acuse and Salina. It was then two miles be- 
tween the two places, and Salina st. was a mere 
waggon track cut through the timber and 
known as Cooper street. The Dame was de- 
rived from the circumstance that Bevertl 




coopers put up shanties and used all of. the 
6Vdilab!e limber for the purpose of making 
salt barrels, aboat the year IBOli. 

A little ciusterof five or £•:■; cheaply built, 
whitev.uiiiL'd houses, known as VVhitu Hall, 
stood on the fiiit block north of the nen- Ca- 
tholic cb'jreh. 

I ihiok thL're were three or four salt blocks 
standinij near the canal. They v.'ere built in 
the old fashioned style, with the side towards 
th3 cani;!, a chicuney in the middle, and a 
fire built at bjth ends of the biofk. 

I t'lial: there were two or three little houses 
near the bl jcks occupied by the salt boilers. 
W'ith ti.e exception of these few buildings 
and a litile patch of cleared land, formerly 
part of StantonV farm, ell that portion of the 
city lying norih of the Erie and east of the 
Oswego c:inal3. was covered with a heavy 
grovv-tQ of timber and undtrbush, with nu- 
merous paths, leading to the variou.s spots 
where wood hsd been cat for the purpose ol 
making salt. 

The first lock formerly stood but a few 
yard-< east of Mulberry street bridge. 

" Vinegar tlili " then, es now, consisted of 
several shanties and old rookerie?, erected 
there to catch the trade cf the passing boat- 

In 1810 Capt. Joel Cody finished bia con- 
tract tor building the present first loc!:. 

The old one was torn d jwn, and " Vinegar 
Hill " removed to its present quarters. 

In 1824 a small boat, halt the size of the 
coomon boats of the present d ^y, made reg 
ular trips every two hours between Syracuse 
and Saline. 

Augustus Spencer wa: the first Capt. of 
this boat. He was succeeded by Capt. Wm. 
Stewart, the present famoiis landlord of the 
Syracuse House. Capt. Stewart commanded 
his boat with great dignity, and treated his 
passengers with the utnaost politeness and 
attention. The .gallant captain exhibited as 
much pride while pacing t.'ie quarter-deck of 
his small craft, a.s d^> the commanders of the 
ocean steamers of the present day. 

The tirst Circus tlial uvc-r pfrlurnied in Syra- 
cuse, occupied llio VRcant lot on the corner nf 
Church and Saliiia .streets, et present occupied 
by the Onondaga Temperance House. 

Tbe first Horne Show wa-s attended by near- 
ly all tlio citizens, and a lull delegation of On- 
iindaga Indians, and Syracuse immediately ac- 
quired a reputation ns a -good sliow town," 
which it has pre>crveil even U> t'ae present day. 
The success of this Circus led to the building 
of a Circus House in ISi5, by Andrew N. Van 
Patten, and John ftncigers, on the ground now 
occupieil by the stables of the Onondaga Tem- 
perance House. This Circus House was subse- 
quently turned into a Livery Stable with a 
cooper's phop in the rear, and a long two story 
building, owned and occupied by Mr. Goings as 
a Carpenter and Joiner's shop, was erected on 

the towing path in the rear of the Circus build- 
ing with an alley of about 25 feel betweeu the 

On the evening of Friday, August 20tb, lS-11, 
a fire broke out in the carpeutei's shup, which 
was occupied by Chas. Goings. The building 
was soon BurrouniJeil by a crowd of firemen 
and citizens, using their utmost efforts to ex- 
tinguish the flames, when suddenly a terrible 
exphsion look place, ti ling the air with flying 
cinders, and scaliering death and destruction 
arcund. 'i his cala.'-tro|jhe was one of the most 
distre.-sing events that ever occurred in the lus- 
tory of this or any other city, and we have 
therefore given a very full detcripliun ol the ca- 
lamity, copied from the tiles of paper* of that 
year ; 

From thd Onondaga Standard. 

Fire and Great Los.s of Life by the Explo- 

siou of tiunpowder. 

One of the most deeply afflicting events ever oc- 
curre'l in our town, tuoli place last night, At about 
lialf past 9 o'clock, tbe alarm of tire wai given, which 
brought most of our citizens to a wooden building situ- 
ate ou the tow path of the Oswego canal, nearly in rear 
of the County Clerk's otlice, and occupied as a Joiner's 
shop, by Charles Goings. At the time we had reached 
the spot, the roof of the building was completely enve- 
loped in tlames. The engine comfiauies were near tho 
tire, and appeared to be doing good eiecution. Presently 
we heard the cry of '■ Powder; Powder ! There is Pow- 
der in the building !"' ^Vhen this cry first given, 
nearly the whole crowd rushed back, but the move was 
but momentary. Most of those nearest the fire, main- 
tained their position, and very few appeared to place any 
credit in the report. At this time we were standing 
within 50 or (iO feet of the llauies— the building been 
on lire perhaps hfteen minutes — when a tremendous ex- 
plosion took place, completely checking the fire, and de- 
molishing thy building. This explosion lasted we should 
think, 3 or 4 seconds, filling the air with fragments of 
the building, and creating tne greatest consternation im- 
aginable. The noise of the explosion having ceased, 
att was still f(U- a moment, and then the most heart ren- 
ding groans that ever reached our ears, were distinctly 

The first person whom we met after the shock, was 
Mr. Myers, tne lock tender, a tall, athletic man, with 
part of his face blown off, and his head and shovilders 
completely covered with cinders and blood. He begged 
some one to go hcjme with him, and two persons readily 
accompanied liim. The next wa^' a person brought out 
dead ; one side of his head having been blown olf, and 
his brains fallen out. Oh, Mercy, what a sight, i'rom 
this followed other scenes which it is impossible to de- 
scribe. All was confusion. Although the sight of tho 
dead and the dying was horrible, it was scarcely less 
than that of the living, inquiring lor their relatives— pa- 
rents for their children, and wives, almost frantic with 
d«spair, for their husbands. 

Every thiug, we believe, was done that could have 
been done under the circumstances. An extra train of 
cars was run to Auburn for physicians, and our hotel 
keepers tbrew open their doors lor the reception of tho 
wounded. We were on the ground an hour after the ex- 
plosion occurred, and witnessed the greatest kindness on 
the part of aU. Kvery effort was made to extricate tho 
bodies, and to afford all the consolation and relief that 
could be aQ'orded. 

As to the origin of tho fire. It is unknown ; but it Is 
supposed that it was the work of an incendiary. The 
fire appj-ared to have commenced in the toii of the buil- 
ding. The powder— .■iome say 10, others l.^ kegs — was 

j nlaeed on the lower floor, under a work bench, and be- 

, longed to Malcolm *fc Hudson. 

Such is a brief and imperfect sketch of this awful ca- 
lamity — a calamity which, from the carelessness, avarice, 
or malignity of one, or two, or three persons, has sent" 

I or proba'bly will send, not less than thirty of their fel' 

I low beings' from time intoEtemitv; and most of them 
without a moment's warnlii''. What asubject for reflec- 
tion 1 Let those who escaped — and we are one among the 

1 number — feel grateful to that Gooil Being, whoso wsva. 
thon/h inBcmtable. are always Just. 



Mr. Hudson, firm of Malcolm <t HiKiion. theownorsof 
the powilcr, in histustimony before the Jury, stated tlmi 
there were iS kess, coutainiDsio lbs. each, and 4 kegh 
containing 1-2 l-'J "lbs each, making in all 6Jo pound;, de- 
posited in the upper story of the building, in the north- 
east corner, if we recollect ri-htlv, on or about th<; 1-Jth 
inst. Had the powder been in the lower story, as we ai 
first stated, or deposited in the western pan of the build- 
ing, the destruction of lives must have been lar greater, 
as the great majority of the people on the ground stood 
on the western side, and were unhurt. Most of those 
tilled, were on the eastern side of the buU.ling, which 
stood within 10 or 15 feet of the canal. Here the several 
engine companies stood, the space between the building 
end the canal scarcely aflording them sufficient room to 
work advantageously. 

Bo 'reat was the force of the ccplosion on the eastern 
Bide cTf the building, that the wcat siile cf Dr. Parker'o 
salt block, lUU feet~ distance, was badly shattered, and a 
umall dwelling the same dist.ince, almost torn from its 
foundation. It is evident by the location of the 
powder, the principal timbers of the building were 
thrown in an eait and south easterly direction. The 
emallest number of persons stood in that direction, and 
so far as we eau Warn, few there even heard the crj oi 
powder, and those who did, failed to put much confidence 
in the report. Mr. Hmison, Mr. Goings, and others who 
knew that there was powder iu the building, stated on 
oath, yesterduv, that tliey did all they could do to spre.-.d 

Ezra H. Hough, druggist, aged 'JS, parents reside atSam- 

mer Hill. Cavugaco. 
lames -M. Baker, clerk for bis lather, aged 21. 
Cliarles .Miller, carpenter and j'/iner, aged 20, resides »t 

Benj. T. B.ikcr, aged 16, Eon of B. Baker. 
Chas. Anstia, aged 15, son of Ezekiel Austin. 

David Mvers, 
Z. Eobinion, 
W. Durant, 
Son of John Thorn 

Wounded dungercmsty. 

Elisha George, 
D. C. Le Roy, 
Luther Gifl'ord, 
S. W. CadwelL 

Hugh F.ogers, 
Paul Shaw, 
J. Goodrich, 
P. Balin, 
Tho's P.. Hall, 
E. Morehouse, 
John McDermot, 
Patrick Denfeo, 
John Eliker, 
P. Thurber, 
John Jones, 


L. J. Benton, 

Jerry Stevens, 
thinmiumation at the time of the fire, but it is evident, I Mrs. Appleion, 
we think, that they scarcely knew what they were about, 

or that they neglected their duty, and are therefore ^VilliaIn E. Durkee, 
greatly to blame. Such the force of the concussion. | Kichard^Culvert, 
that nearly whole windows wore broken out of the Man- 
Bion House, lOU rods distance. People from the country 
inform us, that the shock was sensibly felt, 20 miles dis- 

The list wo now publish of those killed, may be relied 
upon as correct, it having been furnished ns by the Coro- 
ner. As for the wounded, although w-e have but 65 
names on our list, there must be many more whose names 
have not been handed in — perhaps not less than eighty 
or ninetv in all; who are more or lesshurt. 

The funerals of most of those deceased, took place this 
morning, their b."lies being followed to the grave by our 
citizens, firemen, live eouipanios of firemen from L tica. 
and a largo number of people from the counrry. Busi- 
ness was completely suspended during the whole of yes- 
terday. Hundreds of people from different parts of the 
country, came to witness the etfccts of the fire, and alto- 
gether our place presented such a scene ns w-e never be- 
fore witnessed, and we earnestly hope we shall never 
witness again. 

Oliver Dr. 
Clozen Spencer, 
John B. Phelps, 
Dr. James Foran, 
David Wheeler, 
P.obert Armstrong, 
NeUon Gilbert, 
Mr. Martin, 
John Burni, 
D. Brown, 

Miss Elliston, 
Tnoxas Poc, 
Myron Jacobs, 
Son of Peter Lelc. 
Orson Putnam, 
Elisiia Jones, 
B. L. Higgins, 
E. P.osebfook, 
L. "W. Bement, 
George B. Walter, 
George W. Benedict, 
Jonathan Baldwin, 
John McCaslin, 
Frederick Strongman, 
Lewis Corbin, 

Lewis Smith, 
Luke Collins, 
Henry Hoag, 
Thomas H, Ostrand^r. 
P. Lowe, 
Jolin Conklin," 

5. Packwood, 
J. Crawe, 

L D. Lawson, 

6. Hurst, 
John Shoini, 
H. S. Sloan. 

Samcs of persons tilUd, furnished ly the Corone'. 
Thomas Betts, tallow chandler, frientls reside in P.oches- 

ter. aged about 30. 
Elijah J'ones, carpenter and joiner, man of family, aged 

40 years, resides at Skaneateles. 
Zobina Dwight. kept livery stable, has a wife, aged SO 

■W'm. Conklin, butcher, single man, aged about '21, has a 

w idowed mother. 
Eenj. F. Johnson, farmer, aged 17, resides In Florenoc. 

(.ineida co. 
Elisha Ladd. salt boiler, from P.icliland, Oswego county, 

.aged ii. 
Geo. W. Bnrdick, boat captain, aged 24, has a wife 

and two children, resides in Clay. 
Isaac Stanton, stone cutter, has a marble yard, aged So, 

has a wife and two children. 
Hugh T. Gibson, salt manufacturer, foreman of Engine 

No. 3. aged 40 years, a wife and two children. 
Wm. B. Close, cooper, aged 45, has wife and three chil- 
George Gorman, laborer, aged So, has wife and turse 

Horace T. Goinss. carpenter and joiner, aged 23. 
Charles A. Motti't. clerk for Bradley & Co., aged 34, has a 

wife and 2 children. 
Horatio X. Cheney, weigh master, aged 33, has wL'e and 

three children. 
Loren L. Chenev. weigh master's clerk, aged 24. 
John Durnford,'Jr., aftorney at law, aged 23. 
Hanson Maynard, clerk for J. M. r.ichards, aged 19. 
Noah Hoyt,' blacksmith, aged 23. 
John Eohlhamer, carriage maker, aged 34, has a wife and 

three children. 
Matthew Smelt, tailor, employed by Longstreet i Ag- 

iiew. ft^ed 2'{. 

Monday Ezening. August iSd, 1341. 

At a meeting of our heUl this afternoon at the 
Presbyterian Church, for the purpose of taking into con- 
sidera'ti.oQ the proper mode of relieving the necessities of 
those ^.■hose situation may require aid, Hin.^.M l^nxNAM, 
I'.'esident of the village, "was called to the Chair, and D. 
D. lIiLLts Esq.. appointed Secretary. 

After the names of the dead and wounded had been 
read, and inquiries made relative to the condition of such 
as Stan 1 in need, it was resolved that a committee of five 
be appointed to ascertain the situation of the sutferer* 
and their families, and to atford them such relief as may 
be obtained by subscriptions from our citizens. The 
committee for 'this viUase is composed of Daniel Dana^ 
M. D. Burnett, A. P. Granser. Charies L. Lvnds and 
Wing P.ussell. For Salina. Ashbel Kellogg, and Col. E. 
D. Hopping. 

At the meeting above mentioned, ahont IISOO were 
subscribed on thespot : of which Malcolm ifcHudaoii sub- 
scribed iOOO, and Wm. Malci-im v5'JJ. 

In consequence of the creat and unprecedented loss of, 
life at the lire, ami exijlo^ion of gun-powder in this vil- 
lage, on the night of the 20th uf August.inst. Parley Bas- 
se'it, Esq., the Coroner, summoned the following person* 
to fjrm a jury of inquest, to make inqtiisition oTer th« 
bodies of thos'e killed : 

JoH,\so>" Hali. as Foreman, 


Plinv Di 
Lewis H. Pc 
D, S. Colvin, 
"William \. Cook, 
Thomas T. Davis, 
Samuel Lamed, 
P.ial Wright, 

Piilo D. Mickies. 
Harmon W. Van Btii«n, 
Daniel Elliott, 
Ashbel KeUogg, 
Thomas G. Alvord, 
Eliiah W. Curtis, 
Jared H. Parker, 
Amos P. Granger. 
The Coroner's Jury, closed its business on Monday Et*- 
ning, Ane. 2od. The report concludes as follows :' 

That P^ueh T. Gibso.^, Ezra H. Hough, Thomas Betta, 
Eii^ri Jones, Zebina Dwight. Wm. Conklin, E«aJ. F. 
Johnson, ElishaLadd, Geo. W. Burdick, Isaac Stanton, 
T,'m. B. Close. George Gorman. Horace T. Goiugs.Charle8 
A. iiatEt, Loren L. Cheney, Horatio X". Cheney, John. 
DarnforJ, Jr. Hanson Mayn,ird, Xoah Hoyt, Joel Kohl- 
hamtr. M.itthew Smelt, JamejM. Barker, Charles Miller, 
Bern- 1. E.iker. Charles Austin, to their deaths, tn 




the night of Friday, the 20th of August, 1541, by the ei- 
ploiion of 27 or 2j kf gs of sun-powder, in a carpenters 
and joiner's shop, then on fii^e, in the village of Syracuse, 
»ad which the said deceaied and others were attempting 
to extinguish ; that, in the belief of the jury, the said 
shop was Set on- tire by some person or persons to the 
jurors unknown ; that the said powder was the property 
of Wm. Malcolm and Xlbort A. Hudson, of Syracuse, and 
was secretly stored in said shop by the said Albert A. 
Hudson ami Charles Goings, the owner of said shi-p, with 
the knowdedge and consent of said William Malcolm, 
contrary to the published and kn(j\vn ordinances of the 
nllage of Syracuse, and without the cognizance or con- 
sent of the 'frustees thereof. 

From the Wesiern State Journal. 
The Awlul Catastrophe of Friday Night, 

We cannot yet scarcely realize the scenes of this dread- 
ful nigut. 'lucy seem to ua luve tlie oelutive breams of 
a dijoiaered imagination. We cannot bnug our sober 
thuuguts to reflect, tnat so miiny witu vvhom we had liai- 
iy, ana some almost hourly iMteicuur.-^e — who were on 
Uie Ill-fated evening, in uigii s[>inls, buoyant with strong 
hopes and long Uvea — na\e been cut off tiius premature- 
ly witiiout a second s warning. 

TUc eitects of tile ciplosion were felt for over twenty 
miles around us. A man upon tho deck cjI a packet boat 
at 1: uUon, '^ij miles aistaiice, hearu tiie report. At JJe 
Witt ana Jamesviue, U\e milea on, persona were startled 
from lueir sleep, sujipoaing tliac tuoir climineys haU fall- 
en down. A naiubei got up and w cut out door to exam- 
ine tCeir houses. Atcamuld;, about the aame distance 
west of Us, it appeared liKe tue laiuiig ol a tree against 
the house, wuu a sciapiug uiAvuuards. A merciiam 
Ijrom Maniiu3, eigut muea, sa^s that tiie crockery rattled 
in nis store, as tnougu a tremendous thunder clap Dad 
broken over it. At Unondaga, on liigu ground, i and 6 
miles, many supposed it to be an eariuqi.ate, tlie houses 
shoos so. Here, althougu the concussion was tremen- 
duoos in the vicinity, the report was not so loud as iiiigiit 
have been expected — peruaps not louuer man a a2 or 4'.i 
pouudcr. 1 ue glass in windows ou or lou rous w ere many 
of tiiem broken. Many ot tue papers Tu the (Jouut'v 
Clerlis office, directly west, wele turowu out of thei'r 
places upon the floor. Lir. J. 11. Jr'arker's salt block, on 
lac heel path, directly east, was very much injureil. The 
sides and roof are shattered and broken in. I'leces of tfle 
building three or four leet long were driven tiiroui,'h toe 
side entirely into the salt. Lir. 1'. and his wile were 
standing in front of his salt works at the time of the ex- 
plosion. They Were botu knocked down, but not seri- 
ously injured. Bmelt, a worthy young man, a tailor, 
lad'i, a salt boiler, and another young man, were killed 
by their sides, and llougn and lionlnamer were blown 
nearly across there also. 

The instant the explosion 'took place, the air was filled 
with missiles and Iragmcnts of tue building, staves and 
iiunber, which lit up tfle heavens with brigntness, but in 
a moment it was total darkness. The explosion had ex- 
tinguished every particle of fire. The scene that was 
then presented, was horrible beyond description. Amidst 
the darkness, the groans of the dying and wounded, tu*t 
stumbling over tne mutilated Uodre.<, the weeping of 
friends and relatives, the heart of luan was completely 
overpowered. We have never imagined any thing id' the 
, tragic and horrible to be coui[iared to it. The LTeatest 

coai'tision followed. Some-' ■ • ' ' !:.liabitan'ts were 

frHjn drawn together, all l0"k: i:' : :: :: 1^. Very soon 

lamps were brought, the woi;:. : :'--d oil', :,Toan- 

ing continually ; the dead \\ tie L.\.i;ji::iL i, and pernaps a 
dear son, the pride and ornament of the lamily circle, was 
discovered, mangled and disfigured so that he could only 
be recognised by his hair, the contents of his pockets, or 
his clotning. Then a father would be faken up, whose 
distracted widow would be waning in the vicinity to 
Itnijw the worsL And so it continued for hours, until 
the canal had been drained, and a number of bodies taken 
from thence. Clumps of persons with lights could be 
seen in all directions carrying either the dead or the 
wounded to their homes. The scenes of this night will 
long be remembered by the people of Syracuse, sadness 
pervaded every buildinrr, and melancholy regrets every 

A3 soon after the catastrophe as the senses of our citi- 
icns could be gathered, expresses were sent in all direc- 
tions of the county for Physicians and Surgeons. The 
SjTaccse and Auburn Rail Road Co. run an extra train to 
Anbum, for the same purpose. The professional gentle- 
men obeyed the summons with alacrity, and weJe soon 

here beside the beds of the wounded. All that could b<i 
done was accomplished, and the unfortunate were made 
comfortable is possible. The weather taking a favorable 
turn, and becoming cooler, added very much to the com- 
fort of the su3erersL 

On Saturday the village was shrouded in mourning. 
The stores w<rre all closed. Business was out of the ques- 
tion. Hundreds of people from the country towns came 
hurryitii,' in, on learning the awful intelligence, to see 
the spot so l'ni;tf;ii with distress, aud to know the minu- 
tie of the sad tfiir. 

Sunday was a bn5y day in entombing the dead. The 
cars from the east brought some five fire companies, 
dressed in uiii^nn,from Ltica. A western train brought 
a niuiiber of Aabam people, and the peojilo from tho 
county came in Egain — all to mingle their tears and sym- 
pathies with those of thU alliicted community. 

Karly in the day the Funeral processions commenced 
from different direction-, and from the sever.-.l churches, 
and there wa5 one tvntiiiual succession of corses passing 
to the lonely sepulchre. The two Cheneys were laid 
side by side in one conmion irrave. The gra\ e yard hp- 
pears full of fre>h monnils. (.>ver twenty are fresh, and 
will remain so ia the remembrance of thousands for a 
lomr time to c-' 

Tiie several Chnrches were crowded. The ClergjTnen 
were most S'.::eiEn and impassioned in their addresses. 
A deeper sadi:e=s never pervailed so larL'e con:;regation^. 
Many who were present, w-ere st.imliiii; besiiie those on 
Friiluv night, ■»-ho were cut di-wn like ltiiss, and are now 
in eternity. The livin.: felt most devoutly thankful for 
the mercy of G---d shown in their deliverance. Women 
who hail and sens there, praised their Heaven- 
ly Father, that iLey -werenot m.ade widows and childless 
in the sad havoc of young and old. 


On tlie corner nov/ uccu|i:fiJ by 
Stone & Ball, Jeweler-, ami Messrs. Sabey 
and Wfavtr, Uatter.^^, there stood iu 1S24 a 
iwu story frsiEe buildintr, knuwn a-t the ''Cof- 
fin Block." The name was given to the 
block on account of it.s faiicitd rtseii;blance 
to that receptacle fo.- the d' ad 

The first and second stories on the extreme 
corner were iheu occupied by Johnlluruford, 
Ksq., as a book st^re, lottery ticket and print- 
ing office. 

From thi< corner the first number of the 
" O.^oi'daga Gazette," ibe piiper ever is- 
sued iu this ciiy — was printed by John Durn- 
ford, our preseLt wortliy Justice of the Peace. 
The first naciber was iss'ied Wednesday mor- 
nii g, April I'd, 1S23. In his '' Address " to 
the public, tie Fublifher lujs down the fol- 
lowing views and prircip'es : 

' iNotwiih-isnciDg it may be .'^aid the Stale 
aire dy ah^-iisds wiih newspapers, yet the 
rapid growt!. t-l ihe country, and the liappy 
location ol tii'ls village, in connection with it-* 
other ad\'iiil3£f5, are sufficient to warrnnt tho 
belief tiK.t tfr Ici.e Syracuse iind its viciniiy 
i will aftiird ai adequate support to this estab 
! lishmcnf, ani ri-e np a iiioniunen'al trophy 
I of the wistlvi;; and cnterp. ise of the canal pro- 

I Allii.-d to ^i,^ p'.r'y, this japcr will be inde- 
pendent in politic-— mild, but when nice.s- 
sary, decisiv-e — snpporting the authoritits of 
hot . State and Nation— advocating the pt o- 
ples cause, ard recommending such men for 
public favor as may be entitled to it by tbtlr 
talents and integrity. And it ought to be re- 
j membered whiie enjoying the bles-ings of 
freedom and indepeadence, the only way to 




secure Ihuse blessiops i.; to encoiirape virtue, 
and suppress vice, by excitinfr a laudable am- 
bition ill those who aspire for popular dii- 
tiDctioM, to hive a good characler^tbe sure?t 

The terms of the paper were, "to village 
subscribers* who reci-jve the ptiper at their 
towellings, two dollars and fifty ctuts, payable 

To single subscribers in the vicinity of the 
■vidage, who take their papers from the otSce, 
two, payable as above. 

To mail subscribers, tv.-o dollars, payable in 
advance. ^ 

To good responsible post riders, a liberal 
deduciiun will be made, and do piiper discon- 
tinued until all arrearages are paid, but at 
the disc retinn of the publisher. 

The ''Gazette" was a weekly paper pub- 
lished on a 12 by 17 s-heet, four pages, with 
five columns to the page. The first number 
coQtuincd a number of well selected miscella- 
neous articles of prose and poetry, the latest 
Jiews from Europe, bearing date Liverpool, 
February 1st, 1823, which announces the de- 
claration of war by Prance upon Spain, aud 
the withdrawal of the Kussian, Prussian and 
Austrian Ministers from the Court of Spiin. 
It contained an account of alurga fire at Phil- 
adelphia, and vari lus rumors ot news and in- 
terest clipped from the cotemporary papers 
of the day.t'gether with an account of a town 
meeting held in Salina. It also contained a 
long aJverli^ement of "Pomeroy's INIet.dlic 
.Strop and Pi^sie," Clark's Coiuinentarv on 
the Old ani New Testj.ment," "New Yoik 
B.'ink Exchange," being a list of the names 
nnd value of the notes in Xew York city of 
all the b:inbs in the United Stales, occupying 
a column and a half, and comprising a liat of 
only one huur'red and four bmks. An ad- 
veriisement of ''Morscs's Univjrs'd GeOiira- 
phy," an "xVpprentice to the printing busi- 
I1CS1 wanted," Hasson k Hermms advertis-- 
ment of "Dry (, Groceries, Crockery it 
if aril Wire," -'Dr. L^cs Genuine Winofiam 
Hillioiis Pills." '-Casli paid for rags," \\'ant 
cd, iin apprentice to liie tailoring business." 
Mid the j'dvertisement of -'James .Anti-Dys- 
peptic Pills." 

It also contained a call for a meeting of 
the " Oiiond.-iga S.'.h Comp.iny. S epiien 
Smith, See'y," and the '-List of L- tiers re- 
maining in the Post Office at Svracns •, Auril 
Ist, 1822. John VVilki'uson, P. .\l. 

The list consisted of the nimes of er^hl 
persons, and occjpitd a half square in the 

The first No. also contained the notice of 
the death, at Washington, of 'the Hon 
Brouckhoht Livingston, <nc of the as>^ociate 
Justicjs of ihe Supreme Court of the United 
States, in the 6Gtb vear of his age. 

On the 31st March, 1824, the paper ap- 
peared under the name of the Syracuse Ga- 

The Syiacnc-c Gazette was published by 
Mr. Dmnloril until Ib'l'J, when Ltwis IJ. 
Redtield, of the OnoiuUigo. Repi'i'er, then' 
published at OuondaL'a Hollow, came to Sy- 
racuse, bouaht out Mr I'umfurd. and anitedi 
the two papers under the name of "The Sur- 
acxLse Gazette oiid Uaonih\ga Register." fie- 
continued to publish this p^iper until 1831^ 
when it was transferred to other hands. 

In 1824 Henry W. Durnford occupied the- 
first store east of the Syracuse Gazette office, 
as a drug s"oro. lie also kept an nsiortment 
of groi-eries, erotktry and liquors, and trans- 
acted a l;:rge and profitable business. 

'I'hat year it w s deemed , r.ecsssarv for the 
conveni nee of the public, to remove the Post 
Office, then under the charge of John VVil- 
kiDson. to S'inie tnore coiiveuicnt location 
than Gen. Granger's store. Mr. Wilkio-oo 
made selection of Mr. Durnford's store ns the 
location for the new Post Oflice, and consul- 
ted with him in regaia to the matter. Mr 
Durnford raistd the objection of a lack of 
room for all the purposes of the Post Office. 
Mr. Wilkinson tliought ditferent, and to con- 
vince the incredulous storekeeper, crossed the- 
canal, and returned, bearing the whole Post 
Office, boxes, mail bags, mail matter, and all 
the appurtenances on his shoulders. 'J'his 
feat convinced Mr. Durnford that he had 
plenty of room, in which to accommodate the 
Po-t Oliicu. 

The first store cast of the drug store was 
occupied by Johu Rogers & Co., as a dry 
goods store. .Mr. Kodt;ers was an energetic,, 
eiiterpri-iui; man, and is now one of the mil- 
lionaires of Chicago, and visits the scene of 
his early prosperity yearly. 

Uetween the store of .Mr. Rogers and the 
dru;; store tlire was a wide hall-like eniranco- 
leading to ihe printing office in the second 
story, and the rooms Occnpied as s dwelling 
by Mr. YanVelzer. 

Gen. Jonas Mann began in 1824 to build a 
.store on t!ie corner now occupied by the 
bookstore of Peck k Rudd. He also com- 
menced to build as a dueling house ihe pres- 
ent famoui ■' Cook'.s ('(tlee House." He 
moved his family here the nest season, and' 
during the summer finislud both buildings. 

Henry Newton occupied the first store- 
east of ,\lr. .Mann's building as a grocery and 
gineral a.=sortment store. Mr. Newton after- 
wards forim-d a partnt r.sliip with A. Root, in 
the boot and shoe busine.-s, oa the north sice 
of the canal. 

Joseph Slocum carried on the dry goods 
business, and also kept a general assortment 
of wares and merchandize, next east of Mr. 
Newton's grocejy. 

ME JlciUMH-' -rjar^L ■'.■.'.' 



. A. X. Vaa P.itten carried on ibe dry-iiooiis, 
groctrry and provijidn busiuess in the first 
Biore east of Mr. S ocuui's grocery. 

Over the store .-i nun by (he u udc o( 
Tijojip-on kept a .rd table daring the 
Idll and wioter. 

Deueou Phelps kept a stove store and gro- 
cery on the first tluor, and ii tin shop in the 
seuond siory of the first bnilding east of Mr. 
YanPatten's store. B-tiveen the tu sbup 
and Warri-n slrret, there were a series of va 
cant luts. 'i'hcse lota were ^u'd.-eque ;tly oc- 
cupied by fine blocks of siores. In Ibo-tiht-y 
were all reduced to a lie..p u!' smouldering ru- 
ins. The burning ol'ibese two block?, conipris 
iug ten buildings uf different dimensions, with 
eleven buildini^s o;i the North side of tiie ca- 
nal, WiS the first great u;:lamiiy that ever 
belel the embryo ciiy. Tue following '•On 
undag'i St'indnrd ExArn^" was is-ued o.i the 
evenujiT afi-r the f.-ightful occurrence. We 
give it entire : 


1S:M— l-'i p.;.v< 6 c/c7ocA-. f 


Abont 11 clock last evening a firo briike oit in the 
store of B. F. Kodgers, n-ivfy 'v;"'^:"- '■■■ ■~;.-r;R-u>o 
House. Itspread rapiilly ,i! -' :. <. r ■::-, and 

in ashort time the wuoU- ii:: . : ::: ^'.'lf•s 

of the canal, I'roin the piibli- -i i:. ■ i". ;;■:'.:- ^^ \Var- 
ren street, were in flauiei. and are n'jw a he.i;p of iiLins ! 1 
Ten baiMinss(JD tlie South side of the canal, were burn- 
ed. Of these five were of brick thre>? or four stories in 
heiiht. The Syracuse Hoase saved by the sreatest 
exenions. Tlie Ea^t wing cofttaining the Ouond.iga 
County Bank was several tiuics on tire. 

Eleven biiildiu:.-s were consumed on the north side of 
the canal. Tiie buililiugs consumed v,-ire in the most 
central part of the village and were all occupied as stores, 
ottices and shops and were all aaioni; the most ituporLant 
places of business. 

The printing establishment of this paper was nearly, 
and that of the CoiiMitutioiiid entirely ile=rroyed. 

We shall continue the publication of the Sta-n-dahd, 
bat mustfor a short time ask the indalgence i<i our pat- 
rons, wiiile it may l>e necessary to publish it in a reduced 
form until ourtjilice can be re-establishe-L 

The loss sustained by this dreadful lire cannot be less 
than f To,UuO, of which we understand one half was in- 

The whole number of persons in b;isin.>s.s. in the 
bbwks destroyed and who have sniiered. is over lifty, 
among whom are many cases of severe loss. 

On the corner now occupied by .^Iurpl^y, 
McCarthy & Co., Hardware deilers, Juhu 
Kolgers carried o.i in 18'2-t, the storage, for- 
warding and crmini?st(jn bus ness, in coniiec- 
tiun with his Dry Goods Strjrc. Tue build- 
in.; was bur 'ed down afier.vards. 

Messrs. While k CI. irk occupied the first 
store east, and d-jalt in all di-sorip'i.iaa of 
merchandize and produce. 'I'hey were also 
engaged in th ■ storage and cuinini.-<sion bus- 
iness in t le building then standing nest 
of their store. 

Joseph rflocum occupied the first building 
east of White k Clark'.s store house, and c ir- 
ried on a creneral storage and commission 
business. 'I here was but one other building 
then standing betwfcn Mr. ijlocun's store 
liou-ie and the old uanil basin. It wa? a lit- 

tle low fraine building stauriog on the bank 
of the b.isin part'y hid by tie bushes that 
grew in great prolusion in that region. Mr. 
Josejih 'I'liompscn kept a small grocery in 
the building and derived most of his custom 
from the canal boatmen by furnishing them 
with "sup[)lies." In 1S24. the present site of 
the Weigh Lode, Market Hall, Hay Market 
and public square, us far south as the Rail 
Llo id, lh>'re loriued what was known as the 
canal basin It was a niiscrublc nasty hole 
and WHS the drt-ad of all the inhabitants, be- 
c.iuse it tainted and infected the whole atmos- 
phere wilh disease. A small barn stood on 
the soulh side of this ba.-iiQ wilh a path oa 
one Hide leadii^g into it, which was used as a 
watering place for cattle and horses. 

In lS'i-1 Parley Ilowlett and Barney Fil- 
kii.s built a slighter house on the ground and 
the s .me bouse is at prt sent occupied by Joe 
I'asker's well known cottage. 

Water street, east of the basin had bfen 
laid off as a ytreet, but had not been worked 
ioany extent. A few trees and a quantity of 
underbrush had been cut a:.d a few rails laid 
ill the worst miring place-, so that by dint of 
hard work and hard swearing a learn c^inid be 
ifot through to old Mr. Russell's Pottery. 
I'bis i^ottery stood on the ground now occc- 
pied Ijv Jainr-s L Greenmau, storage and 
commission house. It vvjs carried on by an 
old man Darned Russell, who manufaclun-d 
•Jars, Jugs, Mugs, .^lilk Pans ai d all other 
ai titles coromOi ly made at such establish- 
ments. He re,=iJed in a small frame house a 
little south of his Pottery. 

.Mullierry street was almost impassible .for 
teams in 18-24, the ground being very low and 
marshy in that section. 

The State owned a small frame bouse on 
the bee! path side of the old Erst lock, which 
was known and used as a lock house. The 
building is now standing and lorms part of 
Hritch, Rust .V R.mdaU's luiuberand coal of- 

In lS'2-i mH tiiat portion of cur city lying 
beween Mulb.rry street .-.n 1 Lodi on the 
south side of the i-an il, was an unreclaimed swamp. The present Fayette Park 
wilh the splendid residences of our merchants 
and business men was tlien a favorite resort 
lor fo.\es, rabbits and wild fowl, forming a 
capital shouting' ground. North and eusi of 
the Park tlie sonorous croukingj of the bull 
trog Served to etjnven the otherwise di.-mal 

This" swamp was full of rotten loga and 
stumps from which issued a dt-adly mia.-ma 
containing the whole list of fevers, from the 
Fever and Ague to the 'J'yphoid and Brain 

'i'he Genesee Turnpike passed tnrough this 
swamnand consisttd of an ill liid corduroy 


road tbat tested the streiistli of horses and 
waggons and the skill und moral trainiDg of 
all teamsiers having occasion to pass it. 

C.ipt. Oliver Teull o^ned aud run two 
email saw mills on the conh side of the Eric 
Canal, near the Lodi Locks. He obtained 
the water which movid his mills by tapping 
the canal, He W(i;i then (Jaiial Superintend- 
ent under Henry Seymour, Canal Cummis- 
siontr, and obtamed the right to use the wa 
ter for running his mills from the ritate. 

It was this suecesslul tapping of the great 
'•Clio'.on r>itch," that gave the well kiiov« n 
Ci'.pt. such a decided partiality to coM water, 
over all other fluids. It was this very tap 
ping of the Erie which led him to ci.Dcelve 
and carry out the grand idea of tapping 
mother earth, filling a luii^. reservoir with lh>- 
crystal ntctar, aud forcing it through great 
iron arteries and veins to the very heart and 
extremiti s of our flourishing city. 

The Capt. lived in a small house built by 
the State fur a lock house. 

There were about a dozen little houses 
scattered about tiie locks, and occupied by 
the employees on the'locks and the canal. 

John 1:1. Lithrop kept a taveru in a me- 
dium sized house, standing on the block lying 
southeast of the Orphan Asylum, on the Gen- 
esee Turnpike. He had a fine well ou his 
premises afibrding the best wuter in the conn 
try. People coming from the east to trade 
or barter in Syracuse, would stop with Air. 
Lathrop, and Irora his house they would go 
to the vil age and trade during the day, re- 
turning &s the shades of evenina: fell on the 
gloomy swamp, to his house for food and 

They did this in preference to putting up 
at one of the village taverns and running thi- 
risk of the ague 

At that time Syracuse was considered as 
the most unheulthy spot in the vallej-, and 
people were inclined to believe that the ciiy 
would be built on the Lodi hills iu prelerence 
to the middle of a cedar swamp. But the 
proj ctors and proprietors of the einbroyo 
city did not wavi-r even for an instant, in their 
choice of a location for the village. 'I he 
present large, flourishing, healthy, wealthy 
city, is the reward ot their judgment and 

The " Holden House " stood nearly oppo- 
site of Mr. Lathrop's, tavern, and was then 
used as a dwelling. 

At the foot ot the bill, near the swamp, on 
the Genesee Turnpike, Lemuel J. Benton 
commenced in 1S25, to manufacture brick. 

Henry Shattuck,the present Policeman, and 
Aboer Chapman, Supervisor from Onondaga, 
worked as moulders in this brick«yard. 

Coming west ' from the brick-yard, the 
mind's eye found nothing to remember, noth- 

ing to describe, but a low sickly swamp, 
aiii] corJuroy road, until you reached wi-ut 
now forms a large part of the heart of our 

This swamp was the fear of all the inhabi- 
t:inls, and the dread of all in se.irch of a loca- 
tion for a future residence. Buo the art of 
man has recl.iimed the " Dismal Swamp," and 
it niiw forms one of the most beautiful and 
healthy si ctions of the city. 

Samuel Ph- Ips kt-pt a blacksmith shop on 
the lot nov/ occupied by the Home Associa- 
tion. The shop was in .-i two story building, 
with the front towards Genessee st. The se- 
cond story Mr. Phelps occupied as a dwel- 
ling. The family reached their rooms by 
means of an outside pair of stairs. The 
ground upon which the shop stood was so 
low and marshy that the fdl rains made a 
large pond all around the building. Ja the 
winter this pond formed a farroua skating 
ground for the boys of the village. 

In 1824 the remains of a small log house 
formerly standing on the southwest corner of 
•ienessee and Montgomery streets, were visi- 
ble. In this hi u^e Albion Jackson was born 
about the yearlSt)2. 

Mr. Jack-ion was the first white child born 
within the limits of this city. Shortly after 
his birth Mr. Jackson's father moved to Cana- 
da, and was gone for some eighteen years 
before he returned. 

'I'ho ground upon which the Granger Block 
now stands was, in 1824, a fine little green 
meadow. That year Messr.i. John Durnford, 
Archy K:isson, and John Rodgcri', were ap- 
pointed a committee by the Episcopal Soci- 
ety, authorized and empowered to select a 
sit- (or a church edifice. 

Mr. Durnford advocated the selection of this 
meadow as tne proposed site The other 
meu'bers of the committee ofiered an objec- 
tion to the lot "that it u-ns too far fiom tht 
village," but finally coincided with Mr. Durn- 
ford in his choice, and the committee reported 

The report was adoptid, and immediate 
measures taken to erect the necessary build- 
Deacon Wright ohtained the contract for 
rerforming the cmpenter work, and assumed 
the general superintendence of putting up the 

The building was completed in the year 
1825. It was used a number of years by the 
Episcopalians, and then sold to the Roman 
Catholics, who removed it to the corner of 
Montgomery and Madison streets, where it is 
still standing. 

The millinery store of Mrs. Gillraore was 
erected in 1824, by John Rodgers, then one 
of the most enterprising men in the vijian-e. 




'I'he «tason work was performed by a man 
I'rora Manlius, named Uwinnelle. 

G>3 the sroiind nosv occupied by the Bas- 
tabk» 151oek there stood in lS'-'4 a little frame 
liou«e oceupiL-d by a Mr. Walker. These 
Were the ouly buildings then standing on the 
black opposite the Granger B ock. 

A small ye/low building was tht-n standing 
t>«xt east of ''Cook's (Jutf e House," whieh 
has since been moved bjck and a brick front 
built to it. 

Henry Vart Husen owned and occupied a 
blacksmith shop on the corner of Gi-ues^ee 
and Warren streets, where the 'I'remont 
House now stands. His shop was a h:.r.i 
looking concern, ana was not much of an or- 
nament to the village, even iu those primitive 

The buililing stood about a foot and a h.-ilf 
below the level of the mud sitewalk. His 
customers used to complain of the distance to 
be travelled and the great depth of mud to be 
waded through before his shop con d be 
reached from the village. In rainy weather it 
was almost impossible to reach his shop on 
account of the mud. 

The street and square was then some four 
feet lower than at the present day, a. id formed 
one of the worst roads for the passage of 
teams that can be imagint-d. 1 have fre- 
quently Seen teams with an ordinary load get 
f'-t in the deep mud, and remain for some 
tiniejbefore ihev could be extricated. 

Heory Durnford resided in a smaH white 
house on I he ground now occupied by Gay's 
'Hotel. The house fronted the south. He 
ihad ajwhite fence around his lot, and a beiu- 
tiful flower garden in front of his house. It 
was a very pretty, cozy little dwelling. 

About the year 18'J0 Messrs. Buel & Saf- 
ford purchased tlie ground now occupied by 
the Syracuse House, and commenced the erec- 
tion of the "Syracuse Hot-1." 

Durino: the progress of the building Mr. 
Saff)rd fell from the scaflfulding and was killed. 
This accident caused a temporary suspension 
of the work, until the property went into the 
possession of Mr. Ecklord, who compl.-ted 
tie building in 1822. 

The building was of brick, three stories In 
height, fifty feet sr^uare, with a roof pitching 
north and south, wiili brick battlements on 
the east and west ends, and chimneys on the 
ends of the upper brake. The front entrance 
was through the present shoe store of T. Ry- 

The stables stood welt back from Genr s.see 
street, extending nciirly to the present Rail- 
road Depot. There was a large yard attached 
to the house and stablrs, in which stood a 
number of old, dilapidated out buildings. The 
entrance to the yard was through a large gate- 

way, then standing on the present site of But- 
ler, Townsend & Co.'s dr}' goods store. 

Alter the premises fell into the hands of tho 
Syracuse Company ihey were rebuilt and 
nanifd the "Syracuse House." The original 
building has since been enlarged and im- 
proved, and is now one of the best Hotels in 
this region. 

James Mann was the landlord of the "Syr- 
acuse Hotel," which waj then the head quar- 
ters of the ditTcrt-nt lines of stages. 

In 1624 Jason G. VVoodruff drove stagS 
between Elbridge and this place. He per- 
fnrmed the duties ot his ofEce with great dig- 
nity, and was wont to whed his favorite 
coach up to tlip doi'r of the Syracuse Hotel 
with an exhibition of great skill and training. 
From the post of driver Mr. Woo^lruff, by 
his own unaid' d e.xertions, raised hims-lf into 
the posiiinn of proprietor of a line of stages, 
and has since tilled several offices of trust and 
honor in the county, with credit to himself 
and satisfaction to his fellow citizens. 

Col. Elijah Hhillipi had his stage offic» in 
an east room of the Syracuse Hotel. The 
Col. was very prompt and exact in his busi- 
ness operations, and for years a stage never 
drew up to liis office without finding him 
ready to give or receive the way bill. It was 
a common exorission in those days, "Time 
and Col. Phillips w.iit for no man." 

Nest east of the gate leading to the stabler 
of the Syracuse House, a man named Water- 
bury owned a small frame building. On the 
first foi.r he kept a little grocery. His stock 
in trade con-isted of a small quantity of poor 
whiskey, a tew pliiis of tobacco, a bandlul of 
pipes, acd about 88 cents worth of comic val- 
entines. His lamily lived in the second 
story, and reached their place of residence by 
means of a flight of stairs built on the outside 
of the building 

That year Joel Owens bought out Water- 
bury's establishment, and still remains in pos- 
es-ion of the property. 

Next east of Waterbury's there was stand 
ing a two stoi-y building, considerable larger 
than its western neighbor. The first floor 
was occupied as a dwelling house. 'I'he sec- 
ond story was occupied by Mr. Jabcz Haw- 
ley, as a chair factory. 

These old builaings were rather unprepos- 
sessing in their appearance, being of a dirty 
wood color, from having never made the im- 
proving acquaintance of a paint pot and 

A small house stood next east of Mr. Haw- 
lev's shop, which was occupied by a person 
whose name is forgotten, as a grocery, and 
drinking house. It was originally pain- 
ted white, but the color fiad worn off, and 
in 1824 the house had a forlorn and dingy 
appearance. Between this house and the 



blac!;smil!» shop on the corner of Warreo and 
(ieoesee streets the ground was vncant. 

Aroby Ka^son built a dwelling house in 
1824 on the ground now occupied by the 
Central RR Oo.'s ticket office. 

'I'lie sq'iare upon which now stands tlie Or.- 
onda!;a i,'o. B^nk, Bank of Syracuse, Dillaye 
Block, Episcopal Church and .-t. Charles Ho- 
tel, was in ISii-l a vai.'ant lot covered with a 
fjw sc Mtered tics?. 

Id 1823 " the First Presbyterian Society 
of Syracuse," built a chnrch on the ground 
DOW occupied by the new and beautiful Dil- 
laye Block. The church was finished in the 
lall and dedicated in January, lS2Ci. 

The oris,'inal church v/as "enlarged and im- 
proved several years ago, but in 1S49 the in- 
creasing demands of the Society rendered it 
necpssary to build a new edifice. It was ac 
cordingly sold, and llie present ornament to 
the city erected in 1850. " 

The Rev. Dr. John \V. Adams waa or- 
dained and installed pastor of the new church, 
in Jui:e, 1S2(). Dr. Adams continued to act 
in that capacity until death claimed him as 
his own in 1850. 

The Rev. Dr. was a very exemplary man. 
He centered and united the aflections' of his 
whole flock about his grestt heart, and died 
after a long life of usefulness and devotion to 
his God, deeply mourned by all who ever had 
the pleasure and protit of his acquaintance. 

This entire square, with the exception of 
the church lot, was afterwards ollered to the 
■County free of charge, if the Supervisors 
would agree to build the Court House and 
Jail upon it. After some deliberation on the 
matter the offer was refused by the Board. 

A small unpainted house w'ith an L, stood 
nearly on the present site of the Washington 
Block. The main part of this house was oc- 
cupied by Widow Stewart, and the L by a 
Mr. Wheeler. 

Mrs. Stewart is the mother-in-law of John 
Hurst, Esq., our worthy Justice of the Peace. 
She is now over eighty years of age, straight 
and active as a girl of eighteen. She was one 
of the early ~ettlers of this county, and for- 
merly resided at Liverpool. 

A farm house belonging to the Syracuse 
Company, and occupied by Jacob Hau^en- 
frats, stood on the present site of Capt. Thos. 
Wheeler'.'j residence, on. what was then a lit- 
tle knoll. 

The barn stood on the ground now occupied 
by the residence of Wm.^B. Kirk", and a corn 
house stood a little east of the dwelling. 

Air. Hausenfrata worked the farm on shares 
for the Company, and had a large wheat 
field, extending from the first Methodist 
church west, nearly on the line of Jefli^rson 
street, to hii house. 

Between the house and village a small 

brook, called Yellow Brook, rua from the 
swamp and emptied into the old mill pond. 
The passage of water through this brook had 
cut a ravine over fifteen feet deep where it 
ci ossed Salina st. 

Previous to 182-i there was a bridge across 
this brook on Salina street, but by means of 
a sluice the ravine had been partly filled up, 
and the bridge removed. 

All south of the wheat field was a young 
unreclaimed forest, thickly overgrown with 

Zophar Adams manufactured brick in 1824 
on the west side of Salina street, a little soath 
of the farm house. 

I think Di-. Wescott's residence stands on 
the ground then used as a brick-yard. 

South Salina street was then full sis feet 
higher than at the present day, and very ir- 
regular, passing over a series of mounds or 
hillocks the whole distance, making a bad 
road to travel with a loaded team. 

That portion of our city now known as On- 
ondaga street, or Cinder road, was in 1824 a 
cedar swamp, with any quantity of old logs, 
stumps and trunks of fallen trees slowly go- 
ing to decay, and filling the air with noxious 

Wherever the land was sufficiently firm 
and dry to afford a suitable soil, then a very 
luxuriant growth of blackberry bushes had 
sprung up, yielding innumerable quarts Of 
that delicious fruit. 

This swamp was also a great resort for 
game, and has been the scene of many hunt- 
ing and blackberrying adventure?, to the 
children of a larger growth, as well as to the 
youth of Syracuse and vicinity. 

The swamp extended from the pond as fur 
as Col. Johnson's present residence. 

That year the proprietor of Mickles' Fur- 
nace generously iippropriated the cindei^s 
formed by his furnace to the filling up of the 
road through the swamp. A cart with two 
horses driven tandem, and a man to load, 
drive and deposit the cinders, was furnished 
by the Syracuse Company, and the drawing 
of cinders was continued until a coat of thein 
had been placed on the road a foot and a half 
thick. This gave it the namo of cinder road, 
which it has ever since retained. 

A man named Finch lived in a small log 
house near the reservoir on the cinder road. 
This man was very dissipated, and finally died 
in that house. 

Thurlow Weed's father lived- previois to 
1824, on the cinder road near Col. John- 
son's, in a small log house. 

The canal basin between Salina and Clin- 
ton streets, was not as large in 1824 as at 
the present time. It was so narrow as 
scarcely to afford turning room for even the 
small boats used in those days. When an 




extra amount of water was let into the canaJ 
the banks of this basin were frequently over- 
flowed, and the cellars in the vicinity filled 
with water. 

A small foot bridge with stairs on each end 
spanned the canal several yards east of the 
present Clinton street bridge. 
_ At the foot of this bridge on the southeast 
side, Deacon Chamberlain, fattier-inlaw of 
Ex-Mayor Stevens, kept a meat market in a 
small frame building painted yellow. 

Hiram Uyde kept two store houses ad- 
joining each other, on the ground now occu- 
pied by the old Raynor Block, a little west of 
Clinton street bridge. Mr. Hyde was a son- 
in-law of Joshua Forman, and a man of en- 
terprise and intecrrity. lie died iu 1825, of 

_ There were no other buildings on the north 
side of Water street, between Salina street 
and Onondaga creek. 

LeGrand and William Crowfoot carried on 
the manufaeture of brick on the 1,'rouDd at 
present occupied by Greenway's Malt House 
on West Water st. 

In the spring of 1824 Messrs. Kasson & 
Heermans carried on the hardware business 
in a small wood building standing on the cor- 
ner of Salina and Water streets. During the 
summer they tore down the wooden building 
and erected a three story brick block seventy 
feet deep. 

The building was afterwards occupied by 
Messrs. Horace k Charles A. Wheaton, as 
a hardware store,and in 1S49 it was destroyed 
by fire, together with a long row of sm.dl 
wooden buildings, extending nearly to the 
TowDsend Block. 

Wieting Block and hall was erected and 
finished during the years 1849-50. 

On the 5th of January, 1656, one of the 
coldest d.iys during the winter, this beautiful 
block was burned to the ground. Dr. Wie- 
ting at once took measures for the erection of 
a new block, if possible, larger, better, and 
more beautiful than the former one. 

Cheney & Wiloox obtained the contract 
for performing the mason work on the bull- 
ing. Under their combined efibrts and the 
superintending eyes of Dr. Wieting and H- 
N. White, the Architect, the building rose 
like a Phoenix from the ashes, larger, better, 
and more substantial and beautiful than the 
former splendid block. 

The hall is one of the best in the State, and 
is not excelled out of Nevv York in point of 
convenience and beauty. The Dr. deserves 
great credit fo: his unremitted exertions and 
lavish expenditure of money. 

The new hall was dedicated on the 9th of 
December, 1356, eleven months from the date 
of the destruction of the former building. 

During the summer of 1824 Wm. Malcolm 

put up a frame building on the ground now 
forming the centre of the Wieting Block, on 
Water street, lie occupied this building the 
following spring as a hardware store. Mr. 
ilalcolui also built a dwelling house on the 
pre-ent site of the Malcolm Block. 

The Syracuse Company put up thre or four 
small woiden buildings west of Malcolm's, 
which they let to different persons as stores 
and groceries. 

Moses D. Burnet occupied a small frame 
building, standing a little west of the Compa- 
ny's store, cs an office. A large hickory tree 
stood in front of his office, affording a fine 

The .Major was an energetic, enterprising 
man, and in the spring of 1824 was appoiuted 
the agent of the Syracus^; Company. He has 
since occupied several ofS^ts of profit and 
trust with ability and success, tie was once 
elected Mayor of the city, but refused to serve. 
The Major is a wholesouled man, and is now 
quietly enjoying the rewards of bis early la- 

Ambrose Kasson lived in a small frame 
house standing a little west of Maj. Burnett's 

John Durnford occupied a dwelling next 
west of Mr. Kassou's. These two houses had 
very pretty yards in front, filled with flower 
bedsaud shrubbery. 

Dr. M. Willia.iis came to this place in 1824, 
and established himself in the practice of 
medicine. The Doctor for some months kept 
his office in the front room over Gen. Gran- 
ger's store, and boarded with him. He then 
moved to the south side of the canal, and oc- 
cupied a part of Judge Forman's office, and 
boarded in his family. He subsequently be- 
came the son-in-law of Judge Forman. 

The I'octor was a hard workihg, go-ahead 
man, and by his influence contributed greatly 
to the prosperity o;' the embroyo city. The 
village was known throughout the country as 
a most unhealthy locality. The Doctor corn- 
batted the idea with all his powers, claiming 
that the day was not far distant when the vil- 
lage would be a "city of refuge" for consump- 
tive patients. The prediction, to our knowl- 
edge, has proven true in a large number of 
cases, and we can safely claim that Syracuse 
is one of the most healthy localities in the 
State. Dr. Williams of to-day is the Dr. 
Williams of 1824, in dress and personal aph 
pearance. He does not appear to change or 
grow old in-the least. 

Clinton street was not passable for teams 
in 1824. 

Judge Joshua Forman moved to this place 
in the fall of 1819, and occupied as a dwelling 
the house now standing next west of the 
" Climax House," on ^Vater street. In 1824 
he was still living in the same house, and had 




a large garden rxtending from Clinton street, 
down Water street to Franklin street, and 
back tn Fayettp street. Tbep^irdeD was well 
stocked with fruit, and was tended by a Prot- 
eatftiit Irishniiin named i[ontgomerj, a very 
iotelligpnt, faithful man. 

The Judge was cha father of the canal and 
of Syracuse. 

Col. 8'.one, formerly editor of the X. Y. 
Commercial Advertiser, in giving an account 
of a western joiiroer, eo.nipares Svracuse in 
1820 with Syrasuse"in 1840 in the' following 
language : '' Mr. Forman was in one sense the 
father of the canal. That is, being a member 
of theLogislatare in 1807, be moved the first 
resolution cf inquiry upon the subject of open- 
ing a channel of artifici.Tl navigation from the 
Hudson river to the great lakes. ' And from 
that day to the completion of thestupendDUS 
work, in IS'lrt, his esertions were unremitting 
and powerful in the cause. Passing as the ca- 
nal does, cldsehy the h.-al of Onondaga lake, 
within a toss of a bismiit of some of some of 
the salt springs, and within two miles of the 
principal and strongest fountain at Salina, 
Mr. Forman saw the immense advantages 
which the site of this place presented for a 
town ; with the completion of the middle sec- 
tion of the canal Syracuse was began. At 
the period of my first visit but a few scatter- 
ed and indHTerent wooden bouses had been 
erected amid the stumps of the recently felled 
trees. I lodged for a night at a miserable 
tavern, thronged by a company of salt boilers 
from Salina, forming a group of about as 
rough looking specimens of humanity as 1 had 
ever seen. Their wild visages, beards thick 
and long, matted hair, even now rise up in 
dark, distant and picturesque perspective be- 
fore me. I passed a restless night, disturbed 
by strange fancies, as I yet well remember. 
It was in October, and a flurry of snow during 
the night had rendered the morning aspect of 
the country more dreary than the evening be- 
fore. The few houses I have already describ- 
ed, standing upon low and almost marshy 
ground, and surrounded by trees and entan- 
gled thickets, presented a very uninviting 
scene. ''Mr. Forman," said I, " Do you call 
th's a village ? It mould make an owl weep 
tojhj over it." " Never mind," said he in re- 
ply, " You will live to sec it a city yet." 

'• ThB^e words were prophetical. The con- 
trast hetweenthe appearance of the town then 
aad now is wonderlul. A city it now is in 
extent, and the magnitude and durability of 
its dwellings. 

As I glanced upward and around, npon 
splendid hotels, rows of massive bnildinss in 
all directions, and the lofty spires of churches 
glittering in the sun, and traversed the exten- 
ded and well built streets, thronged with peo- 
ple fall of life and activity — the canal basins 

crowded with boats lading and unlading at the 
large and lofty stone warehouses upon the 
whirves — the change seemed like one of en- 

Judge Forman went to Washington to see 
Thomas Jeff-rson in regard to the canal, but 
did not meet with success, that great states- 
man remarking, •' You arc a hundred years 
too soon with your project.^' The Judge met 
and overcame all obstacles in bis project of 
building a city at this point, and so long as 
Syracuse preserves a place in the list of cities, 
Joshua Forman will be known and honored by 
its inhabitants. 

Judge Webb built the stone house lately 
used 33 a U. S. recruiting oflBce, on Water 
street, in 1824, and occupied it as a dwelling 

The first burying ground in Syracuse com- 
prised a little knoll on Fayette street, near its 
junction with Clinton street. Fifteen or 
twenty persons were buried there, and their 
bodies have never been removed. Thousands 
are constantly passing over the ground, whol- 
ly unconscions that they are passing over the 
liist resting place ot those who once as proud- 
ly trod the soil of Syracuse. 

The old burying ground on Water and Fay- 
ette streets was laid out in 1819 by John 
Wilkinson, and Owen Forman, at the same 
time they laid out the" Walton Tract ', into 
village lots. 

The first person buried there was the wife 
of Deacon Spencer.sister of G. B. Fish, of this 
city. The second person buried there was a 
Mr. West, a circus rider, who was killed by a 
fall in the old circus house. 

The old log dam across the creek on Water 
street was removed in 1824, and a large stone 
one erected in its place. The dam stood where 
Water street bridge now cro-ses the creek. 
The pond extended ever a great extent of 
country, running up to the then new ceme- 
tery, up Fayette street, to the old cemetery, 
and up Clinton street to the Cinder road. In 
1849 this pond was filled up by earth convey- 
ed from Prospect Hill, and the great cause of 
sickness and death in our city was effectual- 
ly removed. The ground thus made is now 
partly oc&apied by the freight depot, and 
works of the Binghamton railroad, the coal 
yards of Meisrs. Cobb, and Hatch, Rust &. 
Co., the residence of Jason C. Woodruff, and 
a number cf other buildings. 

An old saw mill, pretty much used up, 
slood a little east of the stone mill, and was 
run by Maroa Lee as sawyer. 

The stone mill was built in 1825, by Sam- 
uel Booth, for the Syracuse Company. 

A man named Clapp, familiarly known as 
"old Sandy," lived in the swamp on the ground 
at present covered by the round house of the 



Central Railroad Company. He was a very 
eccentric man. 

The rest of the country west of the creek 
was a swamp full of rotten lof^s, stumps, 
brush &c., the fear of all the inhabitants. 

James Pease came here in 1824. from Ly- 
ons, by the canal, and brought a small frame 
house on a boat, waich he put upon the ground 
now occupied by the Mechanics' Bank. In 
this house Mr. Pease manufactured and sold 
boots and shoes for a great many years. He 
■was a very ciempiary man, and was liked and 
respected by the whole village. 

In 1824 an alley was by common consent, 
left open between Kasson & Co.'s hardware 
store, on the corner, and Mr. Peases' shop, for 
the purpose of allowing teams to pass to the 
rear of the stores fronting on Water street. 
This alley was to remain open forever, but it 
now is covered by one of Dr. Wietiag's splen- 
did stores. 

In 1824 Theodore Ashley bought out a 
man named Kneeland, who kept a chair fac- 
tory next south of James Pease's shoe shop. 
Mr. Ashley entered into the manufacture of 
chairs and cabinet ware, and coatinued in the 
same branch of business until the time of his 
death in 1855. Mr. Ashley was a prompt 
business man, and fair in all his dealings. He 
was for several years City Sexton, and died 
regretted by a large circle of friends and ac- 

There was standing in 1824 en the ground 
now covered by the Syracuse City Bank, an 
old frame buildincr occupied for various pur- 
poses. In 1828 Grove Liwrecce removed 
this old building, and erected in its stead a 
fine brick block. 

In 1819 John Wilkinson, in company with 
Owen Forman, a brother of the Judi'fe, came 
here from Onondaga [lollotv, and under the 
direction of Judge Forman proceed^'d to lay 
out the "Walton Tract" into village lots. 
This survey was not accomplished without 
the severest labor. The old lines and marks of 
the tract were nearly obliterated, ar.d it wns 
with the greater difficulty that they found 
with any degree of certainty the starting point 
of the original survey. The survey was com- 
pleted after several weeks of hard labor. 
Part of the ''Walton Tract " was laid out 
into villaje lots, and the remainder into farm 
lots of from five to ten acres. After the com- 
pletion of the survey Mr. \\'ilkinson built an 
office on the corner now occupied by the 
Globe Hotel, and commenced the practice of 
law. The ofBce was a small one, being but 
twelve by fourteen, and Mr. Wilkinson was 
heartily ridiculed for putting his office out in 
the fields. That location, now forming the 
business centre of our flourishing city, was 
then out of town. 
In February, 1820, a Post Office was es- 

tablished in Syracuse, and Mr. Wilkinson was 
appointed Postmsster. 

In Mav, 1825, when the first election for 
village officers was held, Mr. Wilkinson was 
elected Clerk. 

Mr. Wilkinson has since held several offices 
of profit and, with honor antl di-iinction. 
When railroads were fir.-^t Foccisafully put in 
operation, Mr. Wilkinson closely investigated 
their workings ani principleii, and his eigantic 
mind comprehending on the instant their im- 
mense advantages, and ultimate supercedence 
over the common post roads, he entered at 
once largely into railroad afTairti, and is now 
cmpliatically a Euilrnad Kino-. 

He wa'' for several years Presidpnt of the 
Syracuse & Utica road_ and by his infloenae 
succeeded in having the workshops of thnt 
road built at Syracuse, thus adding the.hardj 
population ( f tl;e fifth ward tn cur city, tie 
isnovv the President of the Michigan South- 
ern road, and under his skillful m inaecment 
that road ia now one of the best in the Un- 
ion. Mr. Wilkinson is a great favorite with 
the travelling public, and is loved and re- 
spected by all railror.d men, who would do 
anything for him. 

in 1524 Mr. Wilkinson boilt s residence a 
little southwest of his ofiice, where he resided 
a number of years. He now lives in one of 
the most beautiful palaces on James st. 

Mr. Heermans built a house a little south 
of Mr. Wilkinson's, which he occupied a.s 
a dwelling for a number of years.. 

The Syracuse Company built a frame house 
in 1824 on the ground at present covered by 
D. McCarthy it Co.'s mammoth stores. 

Kirk's Tavern was built by John Garrison 
in 1824. The house is now standing, and ia 
kept by E. G. Smith. At the time it was 
built the mud on Salina street was hardly 
wadeable. Overshoes were of no account in 
those days, and boots were hardly a protec- 
tion against the mud and water. Mechanics 
at work in the viU.ige refused to board there, 
giving OS a reason that the house was so far 
out from the main village, and the street was 
so muddy they could not get their meals. 

Mr. Kirk came here in IS26 and opened the 
house as a tavern. He was for a number of 
years the sole proprietor, and enjoyed the rep- 
utation of being a first rate landlord. lie was 
a favorite with the country people, and his 
house was always filled with them. He re- 
tired from active life several years ago, and is 
now quietly, enjoying his well earned riches 
None know him but to love And respect him. 
A man named White built a small frame 
house on the ground now occupied by the 
Gothic house a little south of the Pike Block. 
There were no other buildings on the south 
aide of the canal in 1824. 

Salina street, from the canal to Fayette st,. 



was then from three to four feet lower than at 
the present diy, and during the spring and 
fall was nearly impassable from the great 
depth of mud. There were no sidewalks, and 
pedestrians were compelled to pick their way 
along the street as best they could. Teams 
frequently would get set in the mud, and re- 
quire great exertions to extricate them. This 
portion of the street hns since been filled up, 
and the southern portion been cut down to 
its present level. 

The land west of Salina street was then 
covered with scattered pine trees, oak under- 
brush, fallen logs, and old stumps, down to 
thp creek and pond, which have all long since 
bowed their heads to the dust and given place 
to the statelv stores and residences of our 
merchants and businessmen. 

Game of all kinds then abounded in great 
profusion in the valley, and the crack of the 
sportsman's rifle was heard where now are our 
most populous streeis. What was in 18:20 
designated as a place which would cause " an 
owl to weep " when flying over its brmd ter- 
ritory, has now become a large, prosperous, 
growing city, whose name is known through- 
out the length and breadth of the land. 

A Syrai-useao can now be found iti every 
corner of the earth, and the exclamatioa, " I 
hail from Syracuse, " is almost as common as 
•'there goes a Yankee. " "Syrucuse Salt," 
and "Syracuse Isms" are spoken of in cyery 
place in the Union. 

The family of John Savage was the fir^t 
Irish family that located in Syracuse. Mr. 
Savage was the father of Richard Savage, 
Esq., of this city. He was a jovial, whole- 
souled man, and a {,'eneral favorite in the vil- 

'J'he only colored frraily residing in Syra- 
cuse in 1824, was the family of Isaac Wales. 
" Uncle Ike " came to Maulius from Maryland 
as a slave of the Fleming family, about the 
year 1810. He worked on the canal while it 
was being dug, and soon accumulated enough 
money to purchase bis freedom. Eighty dol- 
lars was the stipend and price which he paid 
for himself. He married soon after obtaining 
his liberty, and settl.-.'c' in this place, which 
has ever since been his home. 

Andrew Fesenmyer was the first German 
that located in Syracuse. 

Capt. Jonathan Thayer came here in 1824. 
He was a very oseful and humane man, and in 
nursing the sick of the village he was always 
ready and willing to grant his services. In 
1832, when the cholera prevailed here to such 
an alarming extent, he over-tased his consti- 
tution in taking care of Elder Gilbert, Pastor 
of the First Baptist Church, and others. The 
last person he laid out was Dr. Day. He per- 
formed this melancholy duty at 12 o'clock at 
nooD, and before midnight he had gone to his 

final resting p'a.e, mourned by all who knew 

On the 1st of March, 1800, an act passed 
the Legislature, creating the town of Salina. 
On the 20lh of March, 1809, the first town 
meeting under this act wiis lipId at the house 
of Cornelins Schouten, in Salina village, and 
the following named persons were elected town 
ofBcers for one year : 

Supervisor, Elisha Alvord ; Town Clerk, 
Fisher Curtis ; Assessors, Rufus Dauforth, 
Martin Wandell, Richard C. Johnson, and 
Flenry Dogardus ; Overseers of the Poor 
Martin Wandell and Michael Mead ; Com'rs 
of Highway, Michael Mead, William Bulkley,' 
Jr., and Jonathan Fay ; Constables, George 
Loomis and John Sebrine ; Collector, John 
Sebring; Overseers of Highways, John J. 
Mang, Joseph Marll, Elby I'alby, Isaacs 
Averill, and Ephriam Clark. . 

A series of resolution.^, creating a pound, 
and fines on stray cattle, hogs and Jiorses, 
wt re passed; also one instruciinor the Super- 
visors to raise $100 for the support of the 

The following is a copy of the minutes of 
the Town Meeting, held in the town of Salina 
in April, 1824. 

At the annual town meeting of the town ' 
of Salina, held at the school house in t!ie vil- 
lage of Salina, April Gfh, 1824, the following 
persons were elected oDicera in and for said 
town during the ensuing year : 

Supervisor, Henry C. Rossiter; Town 
Clerk", James Shankland; Assessors, Henry 
Lake, J. P. Hicks, A. P. Granger and Mi- 
chael lilead: Overseers of the Pooi', James 
Harris and Jonathan Stickney; Commission- 
ers of Highways, Ashbcl Kellogg, Ruel Case 
and Asa Phillips ; Commissioners of Gospel 
and School Lots, Thomas McCarthy and 
James Keith; Commissioners of Common 
Schools, Henry Lake, Henry Case, and Fisher 
Curtis; Inspectors of Common Schools, Lib- 
beus Gilbert, Carnet Filkins, John Wilkin- 
son and Eocnezer Fowler; Collector, Jacob 
Burgess, Constable at Liverposi, Jas. Galley; 
Ditto at Geddes, James H. Luther; Ditto at 
Syracuse, John B. Creed; Ditto at Salina, 
Samuel R. Matthews and Jacob Burgess; 
Overseers of" Highways, 1st district, Henry 
Ca-e; 2d, Constant Luther; 3d, Fisher Cur- 
tis; 4tb, Andrew Wilson; 5th, Jesse Soming- 
ton; 6th, Amos P. Granger; 7th, Rowland 
Stafford; 8th, Ernatus Pe'rkins; Jesse Som- 
ington, pound roaster, Liverpool; James H. 
Fuller, ditto, Ged^es; J. VV^ Woodi-vards 
yard, pablic pound; Joshua Forman, ditto, 
Syracuse; Henry Young, hog-pen, pablic 

A vote was taken that Path Masters be 
Fence Viewers. 

Voted that §300 be raised for the support 

.JlJLJtl.1111 .lAltUi-. 



of the poor o( said town the CDSuing year. 

Toted that 8-00 be raised for the building 
and repairing of bridges in said town. 

Voted that all town officers be chosen by 
ballot (except constables) and be chosen by 
a general ticket 

Voted, to petition the next Legislature fo' 
a privilege to dispose of the gospel and school 
lots in said town. 

Voted to adjourn thia meeting to the first 
Tuesday in April, lS'25,at this place. 

J. Shankl.^sd, Cler):. 

Syracuse then formed part of the town of 
Salina, and was not incorporated as a village 
until the winter of 1824—5. Up to that time 
Syracuse flourished under town laws, together 
with such rules and regulations as were from 
time to time adopted by* mutual consent, and 
ackuowledgrd as the established regulations ot 
the embrro city. 

At a meeting of the freeholdtrs and inhabi- 
tants of the village of Syracuse, held pursu- 
ant to notice at the school house in said vil- 
vage, on Tuesday, the 3d day of May, 1825, 
the foUowin.; officers were chosen and pro- 
ceedings had : 

Trustees — Joshua Forman, Araos P. Gran- 
ger, Moses D. Burnett, Heman VValbridge, 
and John Rogers. 

Cle.'k— John Wilkinsoa. 

Treasurer — John Durnford. 

Pound Master — Henry Young. 

Constables— Jesse D. Rose, and Henry W. 

Overseers of Ilighwajs — 1st dist.' — Henry 

2d IJist. — John Garrison. 

I certify the above to be a true statement 
of the proceedings of the meeting, and that 
the officers above named wore duly elected in 
pursuance of the act to incorporate the village 
o! Syracuse. Daniel Gilbert, 

Justice of the I'eace, presiding. 

Syracuse, May 3d, 1S25. 

I staled in a former chapter of the Remin- 
iscences of Syracuse, that Frederick Horuer 
was the only man now living in this city who 
hud ever seen General \Vashin;:ton. 

In casting my eye over the city at that 
time Idid not think of the venerable Major 
Fonnan, although I had frequently conversed 
with him about Washington, his dress and 
personal appearance, and also about the Fvac- 
uation of !New York by the British army. 

Meeting him a few days since I requested 
him to give the circumstances of the Evacua- 
tion, of which Major F. was an eye-witness, 
and also his recollections of Washington. 

The following is the old gentleman's reply: 

SruACCSr-, Jan'ySOth, 1?57. 
TiuoTHY C. Che.vf-v, Esq. 
De&r Sir, 
TesttrJay you observed to me, you heard that I 
kid seen Gen. Waabincton, and asked if I would relate 

When the Brilisli truops evacuated the city of New 
York, I lived there, but was very youn^; it was a great 
(lay. 1 stn-illed away up to the Bowery lane, 'till 1 met 
the British and Aniericiu armies on a stand, the British 
ill from, the American perhaps one hundred feet in the 
rear. The general otticers of the two armies withdrawn 
in order to adjust the etiquette of n'ovenients to be ob- 
served. '^^■hen 1 fiassed the British, I hurried on th» 
.side walk for fear of them. Whi-n I arrived at the open 
space, I pounced in between the two armies, and felt se- 
cure by the blue coats. Presently an otfieer slept up and 
took hold of one of mv hands and observed, 'don"t be 
.afraid Sammy, I know you ami your brother Colonel 
Jonathan, we have belonged to the same division, my 
name is Col. Cummin*. I then remembered him ; ha 
held my hand until the order was given " Forward 
J/arck," when the Col. told me to go on the side walk, 
and keep there or I misrht be over-run. 

The British army retreated, and the American adranc- 
ed. Between the stand and Wall sU-eet, the BriUah wheel- 
ed otl' to the lett and embarked on board of their fleet in 
the e.ast river. The Americans kept down Queen, (now 
Pearl) street, and on to Fort George on the Battery. Now 
came a dead stand, the enemy had greased the flagstatf su 
that no man could climb iL At^er many trials, a littU 
bo}' about 1*2 or 13 years of age, came forward and said 
he could climb it. He had on a sailor's frock and trousers, 
perhaps tarred and sanded. The little fellow fastened the 
halyards about himself and performed tlie noble act. Up 
went the Star and Strijie b.inner, triumi)h.inUv fanning 
the Eagle, while he picks the blimled eyes of' the Lion, 
and the ihouts of the "Washingtonians reached sky high. 
Many hats wer« circulated among the crowd, in favorof 
the iiitripedyouth; but whether fhe young hero was the 
true receiver of it, is a question that never can be an- 
swered. It is a strong reflection upon Congress, that a 
suitable donation never has been made. 

It is not out of place here, to mention the manner of 
Gen. W;k.hingten's taking leave of the otticers in service 
on that day. 1 don't know it, only on good authority. 
He requested his otticers to meet him at twelve o'clock 
M. at Sam. Francis' Hotel in New York, to take leave of 
each other. At the appointed time, when all were assem- 
bled, the General requested the othcers to come up to him 
to take leave. Gen. Knox, being the highest in rank ad- 
vanced. Gen. "W. rose, they embraced each other most 
attectionately, without uttering a word. Each according 
to rank (probably) then advanced. The scene must have 
been must interesting. When this atfecting business was 
done, the General left the room, and they accompanied 
him to Whitehall wharf, where was a barge elegantly 
equipped, njanned by sea Captains, in white frocks, to 
row him to Elizabethtown puint or rowleshook, to take 
the stage, on his w.ay to where Congress was sitting. In 
the crowd and hurly hurley of the day, I did not get sight 
of the General. My bruther-indaw. Major Ledyard, 
urged me to go with him. and be introduced to the Gen- 
eral, when he was first President, and when Congresa 
sat in New York, but I then declined the opportunity like 
a foolish boy. 

The lirst time I saw the Generiil, was when the 
Convention met in Philadelphia, to form the Constitution. 
He was dressed in citizens dress, blue coat, his under 
dress I don't remember; cocked hats were then in fash- 
ion, longhair in que and craped and powdered. He most 
always walked alone, and seemed borne down in thought 
The Convention was held in the Statehouse, when'hc 
came opposite, ho crossed streight over, he seemed not to 
wish to speak as he passed; when he stepped upon the 
steps, a plain lookin:: man (jierhaps a non-commissioned 
nthcr) i""~t I'r"'"»ni;iy buwed to him: the General no- 
tic.-d hiin, :;;:i| returni-d tii>- salute by touching his hat, 
l-r.t made r.n vt.,;.. He [.resided over the Convention. A 
little previous to the Generals appearance, the venerable 
aud much resjiecled DocL Franklin, a member of the 
Convention, v\'as brought by men in his setian, aud set 
down in the hall of the State house, the careful men 
opened the door of the sedan and helped him out, but he 
was so nmch afflicted with the palsy, that he could not 
raise his feet, but shuffled them on the floor, and went 
into the Convention room. 

The winter of 17'Ji-3, I spentinPhiladelphha, until som« 
time in March. The 4th of March, I'Wi, was the com- 
mencement of the '2d term of the President of the Unit- 
ed States. General George^Vashington, was unanimous- 
ly re-electe'd. The large room in the Shite House was 
fixed for the accommodation of spectators, in Amphi- 
theatre fashion. 



The day was pleasant : a few steps nithiii the doors o( 
this room and tliu adjcjiuin;.-, thrte liaudsomc chuirs 
placed, at the f.iot of the i;feat seats just nu-ntionert ; the 
house was crowded to appearance, so that another persija 
could not crowd in. Precisely at 12 o'chiek. the word 
he's come, ran^' through the house : his coach and one 
pair, drove up to the door. X few persons tried to per- 
suade him, to go with four horses, and a military gu.ird 
of honor, but Uie proposal w;w- condemned. Tlie Presi- 
dent walked through the crowd as easy as if the tlo,.r< 
Were empty, the people opened, and as the President 
piissed, the p;issage was filled up ; it reminded nie of a 
boat passing throught water opening and tilling up the 
space. The President took his chair, the centre of the 
three, Chief Justice Cushiag on his right, and Senator 

of New Hampshire, on his letl. the Vice Pesideut 

having left Congress for home. 

After a lew moments of profound silence, the Senator, 
(a most elegant person,) rose from his seat, and stcpt di- 
rectly before the President, and courteously addressed 
him, are you tiir, ready to take the oath 0/ vjfice, as 
President of the tfiiited States of Xortli America .' 

The President had a small |iaper in his left h:ind, I 
Ihink. He replied in the attirmative. Some words p:iss- 
ed, which I did not hear. Chief Justice Cushing then 
rose up, with a large Bible opened through the centre, 
the President placed his right hand ([ believei on the 
book. The Judge began by saying. " 1 George Washing- 
ton," aad he repeated after the Judge. 

AJter the oath was administered, they took their seats a 
few minutes. The President rose, with his hat in his 
hand, he faced towards the ladies, made his conge, bowing 
to the right, to the centre, and to the left, and one grace- 
fid bow to the multitude. All this was performed' with 
a degree of solemnity, that I never saw surpassed on 
leaving church. 

A short time previous to this ilajor Washington, a ne- 
phew of the General, died. The President was dressed 
in deep mourning, his elegant long sword with crape on 
the hilt, black shoe and knee buckles, (pantaluous were 
not worn then) his hair craped and powdered, tied be- 
hind in a silk bag with black ribands. 

When ho rose to take the oath of office, his position 
was truly graceful and easy, his right .arm extended, his 
left hand holding his sword by his thigh, pointing down- 
wards. His shoe buckles covered much of liis feet. At 
that time knee and stock buckles were wm-n. often they 
were costly articles, made sometimes of gold I'r silver 
and set with costly stones. No moustaches or whiskers 
were worn by Americans, but always neatly shaved, pow- 
dered an<l long ques down the back, or braided, or club- 
bed. Ruffles over the hand and in the bosoms of the 
shirts, and an elegant gold or silver broach. 

I was very fortunate in getting a stand .against one side 
of the great door between the rooms, and ^vithin ten feet 
of the President, and a view of all the spectators. The 
Theatre like seats prepared for the Lailies, gave them a 
full view, it formed a half circle. Every eye seemed to 
fixed on WASHINGTON. 

I have understood that Gen. Washington, was an ele- 
gant minuet dancer, tho' he very seldom performed. I 
lately saw in a paper, that when "his head quarters Were at 
Newburgh, that he performed with a Miss Wynkoop, or 
another lady, I forget which. 

I hope that this rough sketch will be of some little sat- 
isfaction to you. Your friend, 

S. S. FOEilAX. 

Major Forman did not tell me his age, but 
he 13 a venerable man. His brothers were 
officers in the Atnerman Army during the Rev- 
olution. They were stationed in New Jersey 
and were engaged in the battle of Monmonth 
and several other severe engagements fought 
in^that state. 

Maj. Forman is a man of wealth, and has 
filled several public offices in this state with 
honesty and ability, and has always borne an 
unblemished character throughout a long and 
nsefal life. He is one of the last of that in- 
domitable race of men who lived during the 
Revolution, and no history has yet recorded 
the names of their equals. 


■ I have been kindly furnished by .\Ira. John 
O'Blennis, of Saiina, with the following facts 
in regard to the early settlement of that por^ 
tion i)f our city. 

Mrs. O'Blennis is now over seventy years 
of age, and her nifmory in regard to the early 
settlement of Sulina is as perfect as though 
the occurrences which she relates ha 1 taken 
place within a year. 

She was the daughter of Isaac Van V leek, 
one of the first settlers in Salina. 

Mr. YanYleck moved to Salina from New 
Galway, in Saratoga county, with a family 
of four children. He arrived in Salina on the 
2d day of March, 1792. Mr. YanVleck'a 
family was the sixth family that settled in 

A .Mr. Whitcomb came to Salina with Mr. 

They found at Salina a Mr. Hopkin.^, en* 
gaged in the manufacture of salt in what were 
then called " salt works." 

These salt works consisted of an eight or ten 
pail kettle hung to ditferent poles, each end 
of the pole being placed in the crctch of a post 
set in the ground, and a fire built under the 
kettles between a few stones which were laid 
up on each side to condense the heat, and no 
improvement has been made on that mode 
since that time. 

The salt manufactured at that time waa of 
a greyish color. 'I'his color was produced by 
boiling the bitterns in, and mi.xing them 
with the pure salt. 

The art of separating the impurities of the 
salt was discovered by a Mr. Dexter, a black- 
smith, two or three years after that date. 

John Danforlh, a brother of Gen. Asa Dan- 
forth, lived in Salina in '92, and was engaged 
in the manufacture of salt. He being one of 
the few fortunate enough to own a kettle 
large enough to make salt in. He sold the 
salt for fifty cents per bushel at the works. 

Fharis Gould.fatherof Fharis Gould of this 
county, lived at Salina in '92. He was also 
a salt manufacturer. 

A surveyor by the namo of Josiah Olcott, 
was a resident of Salina at that time. He 
was engaged in laying off and surveying the 
roads in and about the country, and laying 
out the streets of the village then in embryo. 
When not eoga;jed in surveying he was em- 
ployed as an advisor and middle man about 
the salt works. 

There was also a man by the name of 
Sturge, with his family, then living at Salina. 

Mr. Loomis was also a resident there at 
that time. 

Mr. James Feat and several others came 
that year. 

These early settlers were all attracted there 
by, and had something to do with the manu- 



lacture of salt. They lived very highly on 
game und fish, of which there wa3a very great 

The OnonJivga Lake and Creek were filled 
with as (ioe salmon and other varieties oftisii, 
as Were ever eaten by any people. The in- 
habitants Were supplied with hshand game by 
the ladun? ia great abundance. 

T'here were no elearinga in or aronnd the 
village e-Kcept hero and therti a place where 
nature had refused to do its work of rearing 
lofty tree.j, and had left a small, prairie-like 
spot of green. These places the emigrants 
took to cultivate and settle upon. 

There was such an open spiice near the salt 
spring, 0, little suuth of the pump house. 
There were also several such open spots on 
each side of Onondaga Creek, that were occu- 
. pied by the Onondaga Indians ; they having 
built small brush and bark huts, which they 
♦used while fishing and Hunting, but not as 
permanent residences 

Their permanent place of abode was where 
the present Indian castle and village now 

Taere were a great many Indians belonging 
to this tribe living at that time. T'hej were 
continually roving in all directions seeking 
game, and watching their enemies. 

At that time there was not a very good 
feeling e.\i;itiug between our people and the 
inhabilauts of Canada and the frontier. 

The Indians had a perfect knowledge of all 
that transpired on the Iroutier. This knowl- 
edge they coinmunicated Ironi tribe to tribe 
by means of runners. They had a perfect 
and systematic arrangement of this Imman 
telegraph, by r'.ieaus of which they cummuni- 
cated with each other from Albany to Buffalo 
with the greatest precision and despatch. 

The head chief, Kiactdote, was one of the 
most cautious and observing men that ever 
ruled this tribe. He had perfect command 
of, and e.Kerted a great influence over then:. 
To illustrate his power I must relate an iuci- 
dent which took place in 17U3, 

At Green Point, on one of the small prai- 
ries, a Mr. Lamb had settled with his family. 
He had a daughter about 14 years old, who 
•yas left in his rude house alone while he at- 
tended to his agricultural pursuits. Mr. 
Lamb heard a noise la the house, and going 
ttiere he saw a young Indian kisiing his 
daughter and taking other improper liberties 
with her. lie was so enraged that he picked 
up a junk bottle belonging to the Indian, acd 
struck tthe savage on the head, killing him 
on the spot. lie then fled to thesettlementat 
Salina lor salety. 

The Indians in the vicinity declared they 
must have the life of ilr. Lamb, according to 
their custom of "life for life." T'hc people 
called the chiefs together, and with \V"ebUer 

as the interpreter, related the circumstances 
as they transpired. Upon receiving this in- 
formation a council of the tribe was called at 
Salina. (It was the last council ever held 
there.) \\rhen the council had assembled, 
Kiactdote stepped into the ritig formed by the 
Indians, thre-A- off his blanket, gave 3 whoops, 
making a motion with both hands at the same 
lime. The meaning of this performance was, 
" pay attention to what I say." He then re- 
lated the whole circumstances to the nation, 
and said that it was the first time an Indian 
had eier been known to insult a white squaw. 
Although they , had many, many prisoners of 
white blood, no Indian had ever been found 
so I'lW as to degrade himself and tribe by in- 
sulting a white squaw until this occurrence. 
That the killiotr was justifiable, and that Mr. 
Lamb mast not be punished His decision was 
acquiesced in and adopted by the tribe, with 
the proviso that Mr. Lamb should pay to the 
relatives of the Indian killed, a three year old 
heifer, which was to cement peace and good 
will between the posterity of both parties for- 

The Indian V7a3 buried on the spot where 
he was killed. 

At tl'.at time the whites used to require the 
children to drive their cows one mile Irom the 
settlement and watch over them during the 
day, for fear of being surprised by the enemy 
from Canada. 

In 1793 the ill will between the inhabitants 
of New York and Canada, had risen to such 
a point that it was deemed necessary for the 
security and protection of the inhabitants in 
and around iSalina, to erect a Block House. 
T'he State caused an immediate survey to be 
made, and the location for the Block House 
I determined upon. A spot of ground directly 
in front of the Salina Pump House, near 
[ where the canal now runs, was selected as the 
1 proposed site. 

I The building was finished before 1795. It 

: was 20 feet in height, with port holes arranged 

I in each story to tire from, in case of necessity. 

The bloek house w;:s used as a defence against 

! the occasional incursions of Guerrilla parties 

troni Canada, which the inhabitants feared 

more than the Indians, 

Anioug the persons present when the block 

j house site was selected, were Baron Steuben, 

Moses DeWitt, of Pompey, Isaac VanVleck, 

W'illiam Gilchrist, Gen. Asa l)anforth, Mr. 

Olcott, of Pompey, and Aaron Bellows. 

Baron Steuben and Moses DeVViit took 
supper and lodged at Mrs. O'Blennis father's 
bouse. The Baron was a large, corpulent 
man, pleasing in his address and manners. 

Kev. Mr. Sickles, an itinerant minister, 
used to stop at Mr. VanVleck's on his way 
through the country, to and from the frontier. 

Mr. VanA'leck's house was a commonslop- 



piog place for most all travellers throa^h the 
country. He did not keep tavero, bat he af 
forded rest to the weary and food to the hun- 

At that time the inhabitants of Salina did 
not have any wellg. The water they used for 
drinking and cooking was brought from a 
fresh water spring under the hill near what 
wjs then the marsh. 

The lake at that time was five or sis fee* 
higher than at the present day, aad covered 
the fl its at certain seasons of the year. 

In 1792 Mr. Gould built what was called 
a mud house. It was sitnilar to a itick chim- 
ney, narrow strips ot boards being laid flat- 
ways about half an inch apa^t, and the open 
spaces filled with mud. The roof was made 
with split logs running lengthwise from the 
peak to the eaves. 

The first frame house was built by Gen. 
Danforth and Mr. VanVleck, in 1793. The 
lumber, or mo^t of it, was brought from Lit- 
tle Falls and Tioga Point, in batteaux. The 
nails came from Albany. 

That year Thomas Orraan, Simon Pharis 
and William Gilchrist, came to Salina. Mr. 
Orman brought the first cauldron kettle for 
the manufacture of salt. 

A[r. Aaron Bellows cime that year, and es- 
tablished a cooper shop for the manafacture 
of salt barrels. 

Mr. VanVleck went to Albany that year, 
and brought a large copper mill and placed it 
in Mr. Bellows's cooper shop, which all the 
families used to grind their corn with. This 
was an improvement upon the acalluped 
stump and sweep. 

There were no grist or saw mills in this 
section of the country at that time. There 
was a small saw mill atJamesville, but it was 
uot accessible from Salina, as there were no 
roads for the passage of teams. 

Benjamin Carpenter kept the first store at 
Salina. He kept a large variety store, and 
traded in furs, salt, &c., with the Indians and 
settlers. He commenced business in 1795. 

In 1794, Patrick Riley, Mr. Thompson, 
and several others came to Salina to live. 
The villnge at that time had increased to thir- 
ty-three persons, and of this number thirty 
were sick ; only three being able to attend to 
their sick neighbors, which they did with the 
assistance of the Indians. 

In 1794 Eliaha Alvord, then a young man, 
in company with several others, came to Sali- 
na to reside. Mr. Alvord was elected the 
Supervisor of the town of Salina at its first 
town election 

He was the father of Thomas and Uornelius 
Alvord. now residents of Salina. 

In 1794, Judge Richard Sanger, Mr. An- 
drews, of ,\ew Hartford, Thomas Hart, of 
Clinton, Oneida Co., Butler, of Pompey, Mr. 

Keeler, of Ouondaga, Asa Danforth, of Onon- 
daga Hollow, and Elisha Alvord, of Salina 
formed a company called the " Federal Com- 
pany," for the purpose of manufacturing salt. 
Tht-y put up some of the first six kettle bFocks." 
The company failed i-n 1801 by inexperience 
m the business. They bad wood merely by 
cutting it, and salt sold readily at high prices. Alvord came here in 1796, and 
hired part of the " Federal Works •' with four 
kettles. He added two more, and with hia 
sis kettles he could manufacture eighteen to 
twenty bushels of salt per day, which he rea- 
dily sold for 50 cents per bushel. 

The pump bouse was then out in the water 
and Mr. Alvord had to take a skifT to reach 
it. The water was pumped by hand and con- 
veyed in troughs to the reservoir made of hol- 
low logs. 

The first law suit tried in Salina was the 
suit of Dr. Barber against John Lamb. The" 
suit was in regard to alleged overcharges on 
the part of the Doctor, and was tried before 
Squire Kinne, of Manlius, who came there to 
accommod^ite the parties. 

Dcct. Barber was one of the first physi- 
cians in the village of Salina, and aon-inlaw of 
John Danforth, of that place. 

In 1792 there were about sis log and two 
mud houses in Salina. Three of these houses 
stood on Salina street, and two or three stood 
on the spot where Widow Miller now lives. 
These were built together, or adjoining each 
other, with separate entrances. 

Village lots were not in market in '92, and 
when aperson wanted to build he took such 
a location as suited him, and put up hia 
house. When the lots came into market, the 
person building got a pre-emption title for 
forty dollars. 

In 1795 Judge Stevens, the first salt Su- 
perintendent, William Gilchrist and Isaac 
\ anVleck, of Salina, conceived the idea of 
laying duties on salt. It was thought that 
the 'duties " were not so much for the profit 
of the State as for the advancement of the 
personal interests of diflerent parties in Sa- 

The idea originated by these men, has been 
a source of very great profit to the State, the 
Slate having received prior to 1843 in duties 
upou salt, over $3,000,000. 

The first duiies on salt were four pence per 
bushel. Upon the opening of the canal the 
duty was raised to one chilling per bushel 
The duty is now one cent. 

In 1801 Judge Stevens had collected a 
considerable amount of monies for duties, and 
was on the point of proceeding to Albany to 
make a deposit, when he was prevented by 
sickness and death. 

In 1795 the State purchased of the Good- 
dagas the ealt lake now called Onondaga 





lake, with a strip of land one mile in wiith 
extending entirely round it, with the esciusiv. 
right to all the s lit ^^pring-, for SoOO, and thf 
annual payment of one hundred bushels ol 

The State haa from time to time sold to 
difTerent ind viduals all ol the land thus pur- 
chased, with the exception of tive hundred 
and forty-nine acres, for which, prior to 1S43, 
they had received in the aggregate, 358,423,- 

The early inhabitants of Salina were a 
tough, hardy race of men, and withal they 
were intelligent, energetic and enterpri-ing. 
They were governed solely by the common 
law until 1809, when the first town election 
was held in the town of Salina. 

The village increased gradually, and the 
salt kettles kept pace with the increase of the 
inhabitants, until now "Salt Point" and 
■'Salt Pointers," and "salt kettles" are 
known all over the habitable globe. 

In 1824 the village of S-ilina was about 
one-third as large a< at the present day, and 
its inhabitants were known as a most intelli- 
gent, enterprising set of men. It grew rap- 
idly during that year. 


The first tix levied upon the inhabitants 
after the incorporation ot the village of Syr- 
acuse, was in the fall of 1825. It amounted 
to 8250, a strikina, contrast to the mm now 
levied upon the city of Syracuse for muni'i- 
pal purposes. Henry W. Durnford was the 
eoUector, and John Durnf.ird w is his bail. 

In the year 1600, Judge Oliver R. Strong 
came from Berkshire, Mass., to the county of 
Onondaga, and located at Onondiiga Hill.— 
He was among the first of the settlers who 
acted in an official capacity, having been ap- 
pointed a Deputy Sheriff in 1S03, by Elijih 
Rust. This office he held for several years. 
In 1803 he was appointed County Treasurer 
by the Board of Supervisors, and served in 
that capacity for the extrao-dinary period of 
22 years, lie has tiCen one of the j'ldi^es ol 
the county, and President of the Onondaga 
County Bank, for a lone period. In all the re- 
lations of life he has borne a reputation for 
integrity atcond to no man in the commu- 

In 1803, Judge Strong, in connection with 
Cornelius Longstreet, acted as clerk of the 
election. At that time the elections contin- 
ued for three days, and the pdls were held 
half a day in a place. The town of Onon 
dagaat that tim-^ embraced a large extent of 
territory, and it was no light duty to act in 
the capacity of an inspector or clerk of the 
elections. The responsibility, too, was much 
greater than at the-present time, as the ballot 
Doxes had to be strictly guarded over nights. 

In 1802, the village of Onondaga Hill con- 

■iisled of four framed buildings— two of them 
erected that year — seven or eight log dwell- 
ings or huts, and two losr taverns. One of 
ihese taverns was keiit by Daniel Eirll, the 
ifrandfather of Jonas E 'rll, former caoa' com- 
:ni-sioner. His hou-e stiod on the site of the 
office subsequently occnpi d by Xehemiah H. 
Earll, and which St 11 remains on the original 
lot. The other public house stood about 
where the store of Mr. Eastman now stands, 
and was kept by William Lard. .Mr. L. was 
:i man of energy and enterprise, and many of 
his descend nts still reside in tlie county. 
One of the log huts was used as a blacksmith's 

A store was kept by Walter Morgan, but 
did not have much busintss. 

Medad Curiis was the only lawyer in the 
plac f. lie was a man of ability, and intelli- 
'.•ent and trustworthy ; and epjiiyed the un- 
bounded confidence of his neighbors. His 
practice was lucrative. 

Two physicians— Doctors Thnyer and Col- 
ton — were in practice in 1802. Tliey did a 
large and profita'ole business, as the inhabi- 
tants, like those of all oewly-setiled countries, 
were subject to diseases ot a billions charac- 
ter. Few persons Were proof against these 
insidious diseases. 

At the time referred to, this county was 
settling with great rapidiiy. Many of the 
settlers were revolutiona''y soldiers who re- 
ceived their land for services r, ndered their 
country in the stirring and eventful contest 
with Great Brit-iin, and came here to enjoy 
the blessings ot peace and iLdepecdence which 
had heen acquired by their courage and pat- 

In 1793-9, Onondaga county was set ofT 
from HerUimer, by uct of the Legislature. It 
iueluiied the whole of Oswego, and parts of 
Cayuja and Co'tland counties. The terri- 
tory Was divided into eight townships. Soon 
af erwards a company of gentlemen, consist- 
ing of Judge Stevens, Elisha Lewis, Comfort 
Tyler, John Eilis, Parley Howl-.-tt, Sen., Asa 
Dai fort'h, Thaddeus M. Wood, E ijah Rust, 
Willnm Lard, II. dad Curtis, and Geo. llall, 
conceived the i.iea of making a large village 
at or near the centre of the county. After a 
full view of the merits of the different locali- 
ties, they selecied Ouon'aja Hill, by reason 
of its high and airy location. The vailies 
were avoided, because they were regarded as 
very unhealthy. This company purchased 
parts of farm lots 104 Sc 119, and employed 
Judge Geddes to lay them out into village lots, 
with a suitable site in the centre for a court 
house and jail. Tue plan was faithfully car- 
ried out, and these building, erected soon af- 
terwards, were placed on the spot thus indi- 
cated The site was very capacious, congist- 
ingof fifteen acres, with a gentle declivity to- 



wards the north, bounded on every side by 
public streets. 

A few years on'y elapsed before it becnmc 
apparent that this attempt at a spt'cuhuion 
muit The "Hollo*" improvi-d faster 
than the" (Iill,"!'-nd the Erie canal eventu- 
ally killed both. But it is not the only in- 
stance illu-itrating the want nf foresight in 
the shrewdest m^n. Gimfo t Tyler,'l'baddtu~ 
M. Wnod, Gen. Danforth, and their associates 
in this enter|Ti,<e, were men far more saga 
cious than the g 'nerality of oar pioneer citi- 
zens, but they were not aware of the tact thai 
the marts of commerce, trade and wealth, are 
always found in vallies, and not on moun- 
tain elevations. 

The people of Onondnga Yalley have been 
their own worst enemies. They not only 
made no efforts to secure the location of the 
court housi-,but actually prevented the laying 
out of the Erie canal throngh their village, by 
placing obstacles in the way of Jadgj For- 
man, who was sinct-reiy d -sirous of running 
that great artery of trade and prosperity 
through the [dace. Had the leading property 
holders exhibited the spirit of a true li 'era! 
ily, the canal would have been carried ap to 
that point from Loili, and down on the west 
side of the valley. Thus does selSshness 
generally defeat its own aims and purfxjses. — 
Had t le canal taken this direct on, Onoa laga 
Valley wou d have occupied the position now 
maintained by ihc Citv of Syracuse. 

The first court held in this county was in 
the corn house of Comfort Tyler, nearly op 
posite the late residence of (ieo. T. M. Wood, 
(now the resid nee of Morris Pratt,) at On- 
ondaga Valley. Alter this they were held lor 
some tlmn in the parlor of Mr. Tyler's public 
house, and subsequently in other public pla- 
ces in diffjrent parts ot the town to suit the 
convenience of the litigants. ' 

At that time there was no jail in ths coun- 
ty and the auihoriiiis werec impelled to take 
the prisoner? to the Herkimer county jail fur 

In the year 180-i the county of Oneida had 
completed a j al in the town of Whilesboro, 
to which the criminals of this county were 
transferred — the Legislature having previous 
ly passed an act granting this county the 
right to use the nearest jail. The Whites- 
boro j lil was used until IblO ; that year our 
•jail was finished. 

In 1801. tne Board of Supervisors, then 
composed of the wisest men in their respec- 
tive towns, began to take measures to build 
a court house and jail for this county. Three 
commissioners — .Messrs. Elisha Lewis, Medad 
Curtiss, and T. M. Wood — were selected to 
Buperintcnd their erection, and by a vote, it 
was determined to locate them on Onondaga 
HilL The commissioners did not seem to 

have much system about buiMinj. The bail- 
di ga was erected by piecemeal and by dif- 
ferent persons. The comtni-siocers commen- 
ceJ by contracting with Willi im B -stwick, of 
Auburn, tn put up the frame and enclose the 
house. This wa^ done in 1802, and closed 
.\lr. I'ostwick's contract. Previous to raising 
the house the penple of the Hill collected to- 
gether and made a ''i)ee," fir the purpose of 
cutting away the trees to miKe room for the 
new building. The square was at that time 
covered with a heavy growth of timber. In 
order to have the use of the court house, a 
temporary floor and seats were pu* into it, and 
the courts h> Id there till the commencement 
of 1804, The county then began to feel able 
to Cni-ih the court room and jiilnr'a dwell- 
ing. The commissioners contracted with Mr. 
Abel House to do the carpenter work inside, 
leaving out the cells ; and with a Mr. Sex- 
ton, from New Hartford to do the mason 
work ; and Mr. E. Wcl'S'er to furnish the 
brick for chimneys. The court room and 
dwelling were completed during that season. 
After a year or two preparations were com- 
menced for building tt'C cMs of the jail. A 
contract was made with Roswell and Sylve- 
nus Tousley, of Manlius, to do the iron work 
for a stipulated price of two shillings per lb. 
I am not informed who did the wood work, 
i)ut the cells were not finished till the year 

This jail was a wood building. 50 feet 
square, two stories high, with a square roof 
pitching four ways to the eaves. It was not 
painted. This Quishing touch was done by a 
sub-cription some years afterwards, by the 
people of Onondaga Hill. The first story 
was appropriated for the jail and the dwell- 
ing of the jailor, a hall separating them from 
each other. The cells were constructed of 
heavy oak pidnk, fastened together with 
wrought spike. The doors were made of the 
like material, with a '' diamond " in the cen- 
tre to t>ass throush the food and give light to 
the prisoners. In the rear of the cells were 
grated windows. The court room was reach- 
ed by a stairway leading from this hall. The 
Judges' bench was directly in front of the en- 
trance to the co'irt room, and was constructed 
in a circular form. The whole cost of the 
building 810,000 — a large sum appar- 
ently for such a structure; but when it is 
eoDsidered that the work was done mostly on 
credit, there will be no occasion for surprise. 
Besides, the system ot keeping public ac- 
counts at that day was very imperfect. Many 
of the bills contracted in the erection of the 
building were not paid until several years af- 

This court house and jail were used for th« 
purposes designed until the year 1829. Tha 
first jailor was James Beeb^, a rerolatiooar/ 



soldier, and father of Mrs. Victory Birdseye, 
of Pompey. His saccessor was Mason Butts, 
father of Hoface Batts, who was jailor after 
the removal of the county buildings to Syra- 
ense. John H. Johnson, Esq., also acted as 
jailor there forseveial years. 

Syracuse having in 1825-6, grown to be 
the largest town in the county, the propriety 
of removing the county buildings to that 
place, beean to be agitated. The people on 
the Hill stronsjly resistfd the measure, and in 
the first mentioned year succeeded in get'ine 
a bill through the Logiflaturc, providing for 
their retention at that place; but through the 
influence of the Syracuse C'ompiny, Gov. 
Clinton was induced to veto it, and it was 
thus defeated. But the project did not sleep. 
In 1827-8, a law was enacted authorizing ihe 
Sopervisnrs of the county to erect a court 
house and jail within the corporate limits of 
the village of Syracuse. In obedience to the 
requireTients of this act, the Supervisors, in 
the summer of 1823, met in the village of Sy- 
racuse, at the public house kept by James 
Mann, {now the Syracuse House,) to take in- 
to con-tide-ation the selection of a site tor the 
proposed buildings, and also to m 'ke the ne- 
cessary preparation for erecting the same. — 
At that meetins: there w as a great deal of dis- 
cussion upon the question, and a wide diSer- 
ence of opinion existed among the members 
relative to the site of the buildings. On ta- 
king a vote it resulted in placing it midway 
between Syracuse and Salin:i,in consideration 
of the village of Salina presenting to the 
county a full and unencumbered title to the 
property, consisting of not less than three 
acres, and §1,000. 

As an inducem>nt to locate it in the centre 
of the village, Messrs. Townsend Sc James of 
fercd the county, free of expense, all that 
block of land on which the Onondasa Conaty 
and Syracuse Bank are now located, with the 
exception of one lot on which the Pir.<t Pres- 
byterian church then stood, on the corner of 
Salina and Fayette streets. This offer was re- 
fused, but as the sequel proved, it would have 
been much the beat bargain, for this property 
is now worth at least ten times as much as the 
court house lot was recently sold for, besides 
being a much more convenient site for the 
county build ngs. But the site having been 
fixed, could not be chaneed. 

At this meeting measures wsre als(3 taken 
for the erection of the county buildiuL'S by 
the appointment of three men, styled building 
commissioners, consisting of John Smith, 
Thomas Starr, and Samuel Porman, with 
power to cause plans and specifications to be 
made, and to contract for the erection of the 
buildings. The County Treasurer was also 
empowered to borrow §20,000, in two annual 
iostalments of 610,000 each. After the plans 

were submitted, the commissioners decided to 
budd the jail of stone, fifty feet square, and 
two stories high, with a hall and stairs in the 
centre. The south half was de.sisned for the 
jailors dwelling, and the north half for strong 
stone cells, and the second story, over the 
cells, was appropriated to cells lor rtbtors, 
witnesses, <fcc. The court hou^e was to be 
built of b;ick, sixty feet square, with large 
columns on the west side, and two storie.s 
high. The first story was divided by a hall 
into four apartments, in each corner, for the 
use of the grand and petit juries, and oiher 
purposes. The court room occupied all of 
the second story except the landing of the 
stairs and two petit jury rooms in each cor- 
ner. The Judges' seat was in the south side, 
opposite the landing of the stairway. These 
were the county buildings the commis- 
sioners decided upon, and invited bids for 
their erection. In the spring of 1829 the 
bids were received according to the specifica- 
tions and plans. Mr. John Wall obtained 
the contract for the building of the jail, which 
was erected by him early in the year 
1829. The cells in thi-i jail were of the stron- 
gest kind. Since it was taken down they 
h ive been placed in the basement of the new 
court house on Clinton square. 

L. A. Cheney and Samuel Booth obtained 
the contract fordoing the mason work of the 
court hou=e, and David Stafford obtained the 
contract for doing the carpenter work. It 
was put up that year and enclosed. In the 
following year Mr. Wall made a bargain 
with the commissioners to complete the edi- 
fice, and during that year it was finished, 
ready for the occupation of the courts. 

The estimate for these buildings proved to 
be some thirty per cent, short of their ex- 
pense—the total coat of them having been 
upwards of 327,000. 

The jail was abandoned in 1850, after the 
erection of the Penitentiary, and the removal 
of the jail prisoners to that institu'ion. The 
materials were used in the erection of the 
work-ships at the Penitentiary, and the new 
court house. 

A' tempts were made from time to time to 
change the site of this coart house, but they 
all failed until after the destruction of the 
building by fire, on the morning of the 5th of 
January, 1856. 

It was not long after the erection of the ' 
Court House, midway between Syracuse and 
Salina, before complaints arose in regard to 
its locality. The expectation which was 
entertained that business would centre about 
it, was not realized ; and hence it was not ac- 
cessible to the public. The inconvenience 
was, however, partially submitted to forabout 
twenty years, before auy serious movement 
was made to change the site. Some five or 



sis years ago, Gen. Granger submitted a prop- 
osition to ttie Board ot Supervisors, to this 
eflect : that he would build a good Court 
IToDse on any lot in tbe heart of ihecity that 
might be desiimated, in cou'-ideration of the 
conveyance to him of the old Court House 
site, and twenty thousand dollars in money. — 
nis offer received very little favor at the hands 
of the Board. During the annual session of 
the Board, in 1853, the snljtct was again in- 
troduced by Hon. Sanford C. Parker, iSuper- 
visor from Van Bnren, who propOi^ed a res- 
olution that the county should unite with the 
city in the erection of an edifice of sufficient 
dimensiODS for a court bouse, clerk's oflice, 
city hall, &c. Mr. P. made an able speech in 
support of this policy, but it faik-d. The mat- 
ter was then sufTered to rest until the session of 
the Board in Dec, 1855. On the 3d day of 
that month, Mr. Midler, Supervisor from De- 
Witt, offered a resolution of inquiry on the 
subject, — proposing to instruct the Commit- 
tee on " Court House and Clerk's oflice," con- 
sisting of T. C. Cheney, E. A. Williams, and 
Joel Fuller, " to examine and report to this 
Board the expense of building a new court 
house, and what the premises where the old 
one stands will Eell for." This resolution was 
adopted without objection. The committee, 
thus instructtd, proceeded to discharge the 
duty imposed upon them, and on the 7ih of 
December subiritted a report, embodying such 
facts bearing on the matter as they were ena- 
bled to gather. This report, after reciting va- 
rious reasons for the removal of the court 
house, — among which were that extensive re- 
pairs of the old edifice were annually required; 
that its internal arrangements were inconven- 
ient ; that it was a long Sistanco from the 
centre of trade; that business was consequent- 
ly delayed, and court expenses multiplied, 
&c., &c., — concluded with a resolution propo- 
sing" that a committee of three be appointed 
whosf duty shall be, at some subsequent meet- 
ing of this Board, to report a plan for the Bale 
of the present court house premises — to ex- 
amine and report upon a suitable site or sites 
for a new court house, and the ternis on which 
a title thereto can be secured to the county, 
and also plans and estimates for a new court 

This report was laid on the table until the 
14th, when it was called up, and after a 
slight modificatioD, adopted by a vote of 15 to 
9, as follows : 

Ayes — Messrs. Cooper, Midler, Bailey, 
Knapp, Fuller, Adams, Salmons, Wells, Pat- 
ten, Palmer, Greenfield, Hawley, Stevens, 
Trowbridge, Chenev — 15. 

Notrs — Messrs. Young, Little, Hamilton, 
Bishop, Holbrook, Moseley, Mason, Gere, 
Yorkey — 9. 

Oa the followiog day, the Chair named the 

following committee to act under the resolu- 
tion, to-wit : T. C. Cheney, Luke Wells, and 
D. T. Moseley. [Mr. Wells subsequently de- 
clined serving, and Mr. Patten, of Salins, wag 
substituted] On the 16th of January ensu- 
ing, Mr. Cheney, from the committee, submit- 
ted a majority report, recommending a change 
of site and the erection of a new court house. 
Mr. Moseley dissented from the majority, on 
the ground that the tax-payers of the county 
were unfavorable lo the project. The reports 
having ijeen submitted, Mr. Little, of Clay, 
moved to lay the majority report on the table, 
and the motion prevailed by a vote of 16 to 9, 
and the report of Mr. Moseley was adopted in 
lieu thereof, by ayes 15, noes 8. On the fol- 
lowing day the Board, having as they suppos- 
ed, completed the year's business, adjourned 
sine die, little anticipating that the '' Court 
House Question" would be speedily settled, 
as events proved. Early on the morning of 
the 5th of February, our citizens were arous- 
ed by the cry of "fire!" The incendiary had 
been at his nefarious work, and the old court 
house was found to be his victim. Within an 
hour the building was a heap of blackened 
ruins. There was no longer any question as 
to the necessity of erecting anew courthouse. 
But, of course, nothing could be done without 
a meeting of the Board of Supervisors. A 
call was therefore at once put into circulation, 
which received the signatures of a majority of 
the Board, and a meeting was got together on 
the 13th of February. At this meeting, a 
committee, consisting of T. C. Cheney, Geo. 
Stevens, and William P. Gere, were appoint- 
ed to report at the next meeting of the Board, 
relative to the location and price of lots that 
might be oQ'ered for sites for a new court 
house. There was some opposition to any ac- 
tion by that Board, but the majority were fa- 
vorable to prompt measures. The Board 
again met on the 14th of April, when the ma- 
jority of the committee — Messrs. Cheney and 
Stevens — reported in favor of changing the 
court house site, and the erection of a new ed- 
ifice. Mr. Gere dissented to that portion re- 
lating to a change of site, and the Board sus- 
tained him on a call of the yeas and nays — by 
a vote of 14 to 13 — a two-third vote being ne- 
cessary. But on the following day the Board 
receded, by adopting a resolution offered by 
Mr. Chapman, of Onondaga. " that if an 
vqaal exchange (with Col. Voorhees,) of 
the present court house site, for the lot on 
Clinton Square can be affected, this Board 
will order the exchange," This proposition 
was adopted by a vote of 20 to 6, and on mo- 
tion of Mr. Barrow, T. C. Cheney, Elizur 
Clark, and Bradley Carey, were appointed a 
committee " to prepare plans, specifications 
and estimates for a court house, and report at 
a future meeting." The Board then adjourn- 

ed to the 28th of April, when this committee 

sobmitted the followiDg report : 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors : 

The special committee, rais^^d at the last 
meeting of this Board ,to consider the sabject 
of exchanging court hou^e sites, and preparing 
plana, specifiaations, and estimates for a new 
court house, beg leave to report : 

That, owing to the absence of Col. Voor- 
hees, for a portion of the time, the committee 
have been somewhat delayed in the progress 
of their negotiations with him They have, 
however, found do difBoully in arriving at 
gnch an understanding for the transfer of sites 
as they thinli the Board should approve. The 
terms of the exchange which he proposes, and 
which the committee have approved, are the 
same, substantially, as were contemplated by 
the resolutioa under which the committee wa.^ 

In reference to the plan of the proposed 
structure : the committee have adopted tSiat 
of Mr. H. N. White, which was presented to 
the Board at the last meeting, with some 
slight modifications. This plan is herewith 
presented, drawn on a large scale, so as to be 
clearly comprehenled. Theestiinated expen- 
ses of the bull ling, on the plan proposed, is 
$38,000, including old material. This esti- 
mate contemplates the placing of cells in the 
basement, and has been made by competent 
mechanics, and embra es everything, with the 
exception of the furniture, necessary for the 
edifice when completed. 

The committee had under consideration the 
relative cost of brick and stone for such a 
structure; and, finding that the expense 
of the latter would be no more than eight per 
cent, in excess of the former, came to the 
unanimnna conclusion to recommend the rse 
of the Onondaga stone. This material is not 
only the most appropriate for ihe purpose, but 
mncn more durable than brick. 

If the Board should adopt this plan, the 
county of Onondaga will booo have a better 
and more convenient court bouse than any 
other county in the Stale. Nor will any of 
them have a temple of justice more central, 
or more commanding in appearance. 

The considerations that have prompted the 
committee in the r action are so apparent, that 
it is hardly deemed necessary to advert to 
them here. The county of Onondaga is broad 
in territory, large in population, fertile in re- 
sources, and noted for its enterprising charac- 
ter. It must continue to advance, with rapid 
pace, in population and wealth. Wonld it be 
the part of wisdom for such a county to chaf- 
fer about thB investment cf a few th.-osand 
dollars in a building of this description ?— 
Slwnld cheapness be substituted for durahili 
tjr and adaptation? The committee think 
not They think that the county, haying se- 

cured a favorable s-t • f >r this building, should 
erect an edifice not only well sui ed to its pur- 
pose, but one that will remain for generations 
as a model in style and durability. Such an 
one thecommiaee propose,in the confident be- 
lief that the Board ot Supervisors will concur 
in their recommendation. 

All ol which is respectfully submitted. 

T. C CHENEY, . . 

Syracuse, April 28, 1856. 

The question of chauging the site was yet 
undisposed of, and to lest the sense of the 
Board on that point, Mr. Palmer offered a re- 
solution " that ihe site of the court nouse for 
couoty,he and is herehy changed to the lot the 
(Block 81,) on the corner of Clinton square 
and Clinton Hey." This resolution was ad- 
opted, by a vote of 24 to 1, as follows : 

Yeiis — Messrs. Hay, Sayles, Freeman, 
Ludiogton, Hamilton. Harris, Keen, Emer- 
ick, .Meade, Bishop. Chapman, Wells, Hol- 
brook, Hopkins, Birow, Breed, Palmer, 
Clarke, Plohl, Slocuiu, Stevens, Johnson, Ca- 
rey, Chenhy — 24. 

Nays— Greenfield — 1. 

The plan of the building, as presented in 
the committee's report, was thi-n a<lopted,aiid 
.Messrs. Slocum, Johnson, and District Attor- 
ney Andrews, were directed to execute the 
papers for an exchange of sites with Col. 
V^oorhees. The next day, Timothy C. Che- 
ney, Luke Wells, and D. C. Greenfield, were 
app liuted a committee to superintend the 
erection of the building, and Horatio N. 
White, Architect. At a subsequent meeting 
of the Board in June, the proposals for the 
erection of the building, advertised for by the 
Commissioners, were opened, and the contract 
a varded to ilessrs. Cheney & Wilcox, at 
$37,760, the contraciors to have the materials 
of the old court house and jail. Mr. Lheney 
thereupnn resigned his place as commissioner, 
and Elizur Clark was appointed to fill the va- 
cancy. Portions of the work were afterwards 
sub-let — the cut stone work to Spaulding k 
Pollock, the carpenter and joiner work to Co- 
burn & Hurst, and the iron work to Feather- 
ly. Draper & Cole. The building is now in 
process of construction, and will be completed 
on the first day of October next. 

In the year 18'21, Judge Forman, who then 
resided in Syracuse. C"iiceived the idea of man- 
ufacluring salt bv snlar tiaporaticm. 

Mr. Forman with Isaiah Townsend of Albany, 
went to New Bedford, tor the purpose of ex.imi- 
iiiiig works that bad been previously erected 

He mr»t in that noted sea-faring town Stephen 
Smith, with whom he counselled npun the snb- 
j«c'. . .. , 

TJpoD Mr.' Formao'a statemonts ib regard to 




the strength of the water, its parity and abon- 
dance, Mr. Smith consented to embark in the 
enterprise of erecting similar works here. This 
gentleman, together with William Rotch, Jr., 
!Saniui4 Rodman, and James Arnold, of New 
Bedford formed the "Onondaga .Salt Company." 
Of this company Mr. Smith was the controling 
Agent, and Henry Gifford superinlended the 

Subsequently to the formation of this com- 
pany. Judge Forraan proceeded to Albany and 
procured the passaije of a law by the Legisla- 
ture, authorizing the companies to take possess- 
ion of the grounds and erect the necessary 

He also endeavored to induce William James, 
and Isaiah and John Townsend to form another 
Company, and embark in the manufacture of 
coarse salt, but they then declined. 

He then applied to Henry Ecfeford, the cele- 
brated naval architect of New York, who coq- 
.sented, and with other gentlemen, established 
'•The Syracuse Salt Company." 

Judtre Fortnan was appointed the Agent of 
this company, and Matthew L. Davis, Secretary. 

Mr. Eckford, was ihi'n owner of the " Walton 
Tract," which he had purchased of Wilson, Sa- 
bine, and Formnn. Before the works of this 
company had far advanced Wm. James and Isa- 
iah and John Townsend of Albany, and James 
McBndp, ot New York, bfcame the proprietors. 

At that period the Salt Springs were termed 
the " Old Federal Springs." The water was 
pumped by hand labor by aien perched on high 
stagings, and collected into rude reservoirs for 

The companies thus formed, immediately set 
about the execution of their plans. 

The first thing done was to cut away the 
trees, clear the grounds (the portion between 
the "Genesee Turnpike" and the Erie Canal 
was an almost impassable swamp) preparatory 
to the erection of the vats. 

It was essential that a greater supply of wa- 
ter should be procured ; accordingly the two 
companies, at their joint expense, erected the 
first great Reservoir, Pumps and Aqueducts at 
Salina; the machinery propeled, as it now is, 
by surplus water from a branch of the Eiie 

The starting point for the vats was just north 
of Church street 

Alter these works were fairly under way, the 
"Onondaga Salt Company" broke gr')und west 
of the creek, near the dwelling subs quently 
occupied for many pears by Joseph Savage. — 
Here the first growth of trees was still standing, 
and yielded nearly a hundred cords of wood to 
the acre. 

Tlie building of vats was prosecuted with 
great diligence and energy ; about two million 
feet of lumber being consumed annually for 
several years. 

In 18'.26, Mr. GifF.ird covered twenty acres of 
ground on private account ; but was unable to 
procure water for three years. This investment 
was continued by Mr. Gifford until the land 
was sold by the State, a year or two since. 

Such, in brief, was the origin of the coarse 
salt manufacture. There are now in existence 

upwards of 23,000 v»ts or " covers," occupying 
about 380 acres, iri which is invested a capital 
i\f one milium arte /iundred aiid sixty-one thoutand 

It may not be out of place here to make a 
brief allusion to Stephen Smith. 

Mr. Smith iu early life was particularly noted 
for his persevering industry in the pursuit of 
knowledge. He was a son of Abraliam Smith 
of New Bedford, with whom he learned the 
trade ot a blacksmith, but did not follow the 
occupation. At the age of twenty one he went 
to New York, found employment in a celebra- 
ted commercial firm there, and became a part- 
ner in a Ship Chandlery establishment, which, 
during his absence in Europe became unsuc- 

In 1801 he went to England and France on 
an^Agencj?^ The made several voyages as Su- 
percargo to India and China. Subsequently he 
went on different occasions to Italy, Spain and 

The war of 1812 and ill health detained him 
at home, and be then embarked in the manu- 
facture of Salts from sea water at Yarmouth on 
Gape Cod. 

It was while prosecuting this enterprise that 
Judge Forman met with, and induced him to 
come to Syracuse, as before stated. 

Mr. Smith continued to reside here until his 
death, which occurred in 1854, He was a man 
of s'.iong mind, a close observer of passing 
events, liberal views, and unbending integrity. 
No man stood higher in the community than 
Stephen Smith. 

The monument at his grave marks the last 
resting place of" God's noblest work, an honest 

The first furnace erected west of Oneida Co., 
was built by Mr. Nicholas Mickles, father of 
Philo D, who emigrated from New England, to 
lay the foundation of a fortune in this then fron- 
tier country. It IS usually called the " Old 
Furnace," and has long been a landmark on the 
road to Onondaga Hill. Judge Forman was as- 
sociated in this enterprise with Mr. Mickles, and 
they did a heavy business for many years in th« 
manufacture of kettles for the western country, 
and for the salt works. During the war of 
1812 they had a heavy contract with govefo- 
ment for supplies of cannon balls and shells. — 
These missiles of death were transported by- 
waggons to Salina, from whence they were ta- 
ken by water to Ojswego and there distributed 
to various 'poiiits along the frontier. Mr. Mic- 
kles was a man of intelligence and probity, and 
highly esteemed. 

In every commnnity there are men with char- 
acteristics so marked as to attract particular no- 
tice and comment. Syracuse has not been want- 
ing in this respecL I propose to terminate 
these random " RKiiiXTSCEitCKs" by adverting to 
one of them, who was well known to many 
persons now residing in this vicinity. I allude 
to Jas. Sackett. 

Mr. Sackett originally emigrated from New 
England, and settled in Skaneateles ; but re- 
moved to Syracuse in 1826, long before which 
event he acquired the B<iubriquet oJ " Old Sock- 
ett," by which he was efer afterwards known. 



He was very eccentric in his habits and conver- 
sation. He acquired a large property by the 
purchase of Land Warrants of revolutionary sol- 
diers, and locating; the lots in this section of the 
State. He was very fond of horses, of which he 
raised the finest breed in this country. He had 
a habit of rounding off his sentences with the 
very expressive, but rather impolite phrase, 
" G — d d — Q you I" Always a bachelor, he 
never coado more than one attempt to obtain a 
wife. The lady he selected, and who resided in 
an adjoining county, was first made acquainted 
with his intenliotis by hearing an individual 
hoUooing at her father's gate. She went out to 
ascertain what was wanted. Mr. Sackettsat in 
his buggy. On tier inquiring his errand his re- 
sponse was : " I have made up my inind to mar- 
ry you ; will you have rae, G— d d — n you ?" — 
She replied — " Mr. Sackett, this issbort notice ; 
I will take ten days to consider." " Ten days, 
ha ! to consider on marrying Mr. James Sack- 
ett ; ten days, G— d d — n you ! Ten days, ha!" 
and Mr. S. drove away, never calling again. 

In 1824 he contracted with a man to build 
him a house about 22 feet by 40. It was to be 
set on his block on Salina street, opposite the 
Empire. That block was owned by him, and 
nothing on it except at the south end, where 
were two or three little buildings. It was a 
pretty field for a residence. The contractor did 
not come and put up the house as he agreed.^ 
He then contracted with another builder, to put 
up the same kind of a house. It was immedi- 
ately done. While the second contractor was 
finishing the first house, the first contractor 
camo with the second hou»e. Although Mr. 
Sackett was under no obligation to receive the 
house, he said to the builder : " Here 1 put it 

up at the end of this one." Of course he had a 
house 22 by 80 feet. He had a rough board 
fence put round the lot, which was entered by a 
gate swinging on a post in the centre. After his 
house was finished and he had resided in it a 
few years, the crickets had taken joint occupan- 
cy with him. They were rather noisy, and 
disturbed the old man. Mr. Sackett was a 
timid man — so he undertook to expel them. Ko 
succeeded very well — with the exception of ono 
old chap that bid him defiance. Tins fellow was 
located behind the chimney, where he kept up 
a perpetual song. But he was not out of tho 
reach of harm. One Monday morning masons 
were seen at work taking down the chimnev, 
which was razed to the g.-ound, and this noi^y 
old chap driven from bis quarters, and the chim- 
ney rebuilt so as to exclude him thereafter. 

Mr. Sackett had also singular tastes in tho 
matter of dress. He wore a frock coat reaching 
down to his heels, a wide brimmed hat, with a 
large veil over his face. Such an outfit on a 
tall, slim, tlesbless man like Mr. Sackett, made 
him an object of notice to every person. He 
always hired masons to fill his ice-house, so 
that the work should be well done. In doing 
odd jiibs he would hire more men than were ne- 
cessary, and would often discharge them all be- 
fore the work on hand was completed. He 
usually travelled about the country in an old, 
ricketty buggy, with a patched lop of various 
colors, drawn by a splendid horse. Wherever 
he went on foot, ho carried an old umbrella, 
with a large white patch on the top. But with 
all his oddities he was a well disposed man, 
Tiid correct and prompt in business matters. — 
He died worth an estate valued at$150,000. 


It was intended to have coQlinaed these Reminiscences down to later period in the hiatorv 
of the City of Syracuse, but tho business season having commenced, the building operations of 
the author, Mr. Cheney, requires his constant attention, and makes this somewhat abrupt 
suspension of the Recollections necessary, for the present at least. But we hope to resume 
them again at some future period, and e.xtend the history down to a period within the mem- 
ory of every inhabitant. In the mean time we may be pirdoned for alluding to the general 
fidelity to truth, in all the material facts, and even in the miouttst details of these Recollections. 
A few corrections have been noticed by other old residents of tho city, but no material point 
has been touched, which required any change in the general features of Mr. Cheney's version. 
Of their interesting character readers can be their own judge. THE PUBLISHERS. 



6 3 East Genesee St., cor. Montgomery, 



This is a branch of the New York, hence we can and 
will sell lower than the lowest. Annexed are the Retail prices 
of a few styles. We keep a large Stock of all kinds. 

Men's Rubbers, Best, -3. I Second Quality, do. 53. 

Women's " " Ss. Gd. 1 " " " 8^- •'''■ 

itie:v's weak. i womeit's wear. 

Double Sob' Cowhblc Boots, Best, $'2,ST 1-2. Black Fo:5 Connress Gaiters, 9s. bcl, Ws '.U. 128. 

1-2 •■ Kip, ■■ '• 2,.'J0 a $2,7.5. " - Lace, ' .s. 8s 9. 103. 

'■ Kip and Cow-IIide, 2,(lil a .$2,5U. Welt Morocco Boots, 7»ra. o. 

' Calr Boots " S ■'! " Enamelled ' Best, , Is. bil., os. S3. 

Pump Soles, '■ ' •■ 3,25 a $4,50. I Buck'n and Leather Mittens and Gloves, 83' 6d, 4a. «d 

N. B.— Custom Work and Repairing, done on short notice, and 
wan anted to give satisfaction. 

CLARK T. AMES, Agent. 

& HUNT, 


m M 



No. 75 South Salina Street, 


The Highest Market Price paid lor aU kiuds ol Produce. 




S V ' Silver -Ware; Plated Tea-Setts, 


"^ - FIXE POCKkT CUTLKUY, '&,C, , ! 

No. 1, East Genesee Stret (, opposite, (tVor(h) the ^yracnse Douse, 

Personal Atteutiou given to Watch, Clock, iirrl J welry 
Repaiiing. ^ ' ' c. a IIl^'^j.. - 


In cillinpthe attention of le pulilic, asrain, lo ..ur GROUXD PERISUOPIC 
SPEOTaCLKS we do it with the otiuosi coiifideni-e, i clii ving tlieiii to ' c Miperior to 
all othrr glassi-s in use, and we h ive -he fipiniuns of felrliraie.1 cp'icir'iis. (jninMuncing 
them to b,- ihe ONLY Sl'E 'PAI'LE which should oe u-;irl. Theiils?i heing LTound 
the • f'riri iis the i ye, the object .strike-i the vision in direct liiu-, duiiio; Ii*s3 injirj, 
beini; iiiucD fa-ier, uiid .ivai ii.g that i^ distinct appeiirunce wlich i-^ cuii^Dion in all 
other glass. No person Valuing or Vkiabing to priSeive tlieir t yes should use i.iiy other 

JB^^'We hive ihem s-t in fi e silver frunes, in pri.-ps from SI, 50 'n $2.50, and every 
glas< w irraiiied perlec. Fine tjold f m^-s Iro.ii $i tn Sl.i. i clu liiif; a fine metal c.ise. 

Ad per uQS who are compelled lo use spectucbs, are turnesily invted "> rail and give 
nsa trial. .SI'ONE & BALK 




Envelope!*, Blank Hooks, Cards aud Stiitioti ry Generally. 

^ho. i'A ^'A'VA' K ■Tl'iN'^ of rffrt v.ndy, at nupoiUrt arid M,iJiiif:ut:ir4rs i^ritti. Tht 
tUeiitfin <4 til-. I'rale i.i rexiiecifuUy it.vled to, ... 

AVi jam,' Palace Store, 47 East Genesee st,, Syracuse, N, Y. 

., No. 8, Post Office Building, Syracuse, N.Y.,-/ - 

'OOI.n »»»^-»= f» f -puIN 'I 1^ ; l»H 1« F 501 V X's «i. V. r»*«.<-«« »»v nail. 


PRICE. — Pent in Oatcs.Jr^jm^ ^?^j>.PA''LV^illf^.'ii'iS)il^VfXM.IVSU-''^'*^^'''^ •-- 




1 1 8B767 





■^ ' PERFUMERIES, &C. , '~- 

IVo. 16 IVorth Salina Street, Syracuse, IV. Y. "7. 

Also, Wholesale General Agent for MADAME RESTELLE'S PILLS, for pro- 
duci'.ff Aff„Mr:ai ou. free $3 II a pnchifj': . And the LADIES H KO lE'.riOR. fOT 
prcre'.tva''n-r,-t„^. Pnc- i^> H\ n f. mpli irnclnae. ' 

S . // , ^ .4M*^ 

Office, conifr of Gfaesee and Wontscmfry Sts. Slycrs Block, 
ei\tra:vce ivo. 2 & 4, secoivd story, 




H. CD. COSSITT, - aF»roiDrlot«3»r. 

Refrt'shmeiits, VN'ann and Cold, ^erv^d Up at all hours of 
the Day sitkll ovstkks and CLAjrs C'dn-tantly on Han 

Plane and Tool Maker, 

IVo. 20 Mulberry Street, cor. of Railroad, 

All Planes made to Drawing or Order, and Hepairinw done on Short Notice. 
N. B. — ^tamp'i, Figuie^i and Names Cut loi- Steel, Tron or Wood. 


Treats Succe>«<>fiilly all I>ls eases of ,:-!.>';»> >'<!:.*'' S3 
At his Office in the DILLAYE BLOCK, corner of'Salina & Fayette Sts., 

^_^^. ^S3|^a^^cs327^s:Ss s:3'«= 

''■•:,' i^ 




r - .C>;i; -lOCI^ I^ T* .Zl^ 


llGARlIOBAepO & 

Meerschanin Pipes, Amber Tubes, Stems, &c., 


per, niecil, wiwd, &c. ... 
SEGAR CAS E^ of everj description 


r.cill Cannister. 
Br.A83 Covers, Flsees, Sptne, <S.-c. 
Tobacco of all Descriptions, by the Pound or Earrel. 

; SYKACUir^C, N. Y. 



^ra zn 

1 > 

No. 40, East Genesee Street, 

:^« ~5*r ''«L,ia'~ iwj« • siCe "-jar* oib .ks ^se:: ^st o - 


Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals, Dye-Stuft's, Wines and Liquors, 

for Medical uses, London Porter, Congri-'ss Water, 

Perfumery, Blushes, ('rni| hene, Ihiining Fluid, Szc, ttc. 


No. 6 Granger Block, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Boots and ^^hoes made to order. Ke])aiiiiig promptly and 
neatly executed. 


Ladies' and Gent's Bouts and Shoes sd d with Rubber. - '- 

-a^br^h^m: stern, 


MMp, %Mki mk Mkx Hart, 

Bastable Block, opposite the Post Office, 
« »" M ^ _ Corner of Warren & Genesee S(s, 

^■^ , . ;. ; :'■ ' ;^_ syr aguse, :N". . y; _ / ' ■ ■' 

Watches and.Jewelxy carefully -Repaired and "Warranted. 



No. 70, North Salina Street, Syracuse. 




Uivaais, Secretaric!*, ( Bureaus, Stawds, 




rV€>. 45 :\©E2TB! §Aa.ffI¥A STREET, 

t^~ DagHerreotypi.i made at thU Gallery Warranted to be Superior to any Anibrotype Picture mad-a 
I tlie Comity. 

:^o. 108 East 

T^ater Street, 






G. DAVIS, Proprietor. 

The facilities of this Establishment for mnnufacturing Buggy Wagons, are 
such ts to enable the Proprietor to sell wagons at much loiver prices than any 
ether Manufactory in the United Stales. 

N. B.— This is the only MiimiCictory in Sjtm"*'". »' «'''''=h y"" <^*'> parfha*-' a Carriago furnished with 


For Kalsing and Lowering the Tops from the Inside of the Cairiige. The grej^st Improvement ever 
tpplled to a Csniags. 





ITo 23 South Salina Street, 


i\o. 93 South Saliwa Street, 



^^-^B ^^>_<'^ ''Ci>_;#' ->^„„a^ a^^^Mte ^ 


SYPlACUSE, 'N. y. 


Patent Spring, Hair, Moss, Cotton, Cane, Husk 



Koaewood, Mahogany, Blackwalnut & Parlor Furnitnrs, 



Orders for CattiDg, Making and patting down Carpets and Oil Cloths 
promptly attended to. Curtain Han^ngs and Mattresses dressed over' 

I' 3FI 353 3VE I TJ 3M 

Invisible Venlilatins Heads of Hain 


Infallible mode ok Meas- 
uring THE Head.' 

No. 1— Around the Head. 

No, 2— From ear to ear, 
across the bead. 

No. 3 — Frma temple to 
temple, measuring across 
crown of the head. 

No. 4— From the forehead 
to the nape, or as low down 
as the hair grows. 

No. 5 1-2 Franklin Suildings, Up Stairs, 

For the mahnfactureof HAIRWftP.K in at! !W vattous branehfti 
^ TlIE JfwnESrllASirjRWETAIDyORYoifQ^^ 




Has the honor of announcing 
to the atizenl of SjTacnse 
and vidnity that he haa 
opened » Store at 








XO.- 4 ' WIAIiGOLI?! ^BLOGK,^^ 

SYRACUS E, M.1 Y»;- 

Insarance eflected In the followins 


COIVTfll^EIVTAL,, of New York..] ITIAIVHATTAiV, of iVew York. 

IRVING, ."■- " " I PHtE^i:^,. " " " "• "■ ". j IV. jr.j.F|^JEj.& MARINE, ". 

ATLANTIC, « » " CONWAX<, oVp«»iA>Vi|y, JWass^ 

MARKET,;- " " " I HAMPDEN, SpjiiigdeW^ " 

CORN EXCHANGE, New Y<^i;kj^ ^ ' 



C> Xj B^ ^ T" ES I> ' S J "*"" ' 

Opposite, North, of the Syracuse Hoiise, uii,(ier Ston^ fciBjil's J^^^elry 
and . Sa^iey's Hat ^Stores. 



Oysters .i;Vholesalean^fI5etai4tby thj^ Cflp,^ov^■^fg. 


Ambrotypes in every Style and^ Size. 

^T Patsst .MELAINOTTPES, or Pictitee^.os IE9H,. aNew.and Snpenor Style ofthe PhotompUe^ 
Attfi hiring -^U the Eeatttieapt.tho Dagpeireotyp^.andA^qbrQtype.eonibiDedvandaJ the SAME PJiT&fi *" 





Manufacturers of 

t^r Partlcalar attention paid to KEPAIRING and STOXIi SETTING. .jS 
All orders neatly executed. 


0. H. P. THUKBEP.. f 


X . 

S. C. HAYDEN « CO., 




Looking Glasses, ' 

SofaSj Couches, 


^^ All Work AVarranted Good or No Sale. _S3 

Ware Room, 4o South Satiisa- 

Svracuse, j\. T. 




Diplomas, Cards, Wood Cuts, Seals, Boor Plates, Coffin Plates, cj-c. 



3e: i»m :Bt" «:» *«. b; islj jwo. 9 





^or tENTLEUENS', LADIES', MISSES' and CHILDREN3' WEAR, which I am enahlod to sell nt Low- 
"■ P^^ra .iny csI3WI^•hment In the Cit)-, In cons, qucnce of a Low Eeiit, and pcrlorming 1117 own labor. 
t <Wv lompetilion in Prica and Quality of Work. 

P. 8.— CrjgxoM WORK ma<letn nrder, with neainess and dosp.itch, of the very best Imported and Ame- 
rican Maten,i_ md by Skiilfal Wortmen. ^^~ All Orders thankfully n'Cclved, and pnnotually attended to 

by tlM Propn>jtor. Tlie PuLUoaro reBpeclfuUy Invited to c*U and iee belore pardia.-^lng el.-ewhere^ 



^: \ 



Q H E ^ ^- O^ S Kt . ;B O O ^: .3 T QJB^M. 

No. 7,'W^'Genesee /5tr^^^ 

Keep constantly on hand a' Large assortment of School, Classical, Theological, Medi- 
cal, and MiscellaneoDS Books ; Gold and Steel Pens, Paper, Ink, Blank Books, -Memor- 
andnmk; 'Burses, Card Cases, Port Folios, Porte Monaies, Cards anS Envelopes, Bankers 
Oases, Wallets, Patent Slates, Common do., Peueila of all kinds, Eogravings, (plain and 
coloredf, Tnbe Paints, Water Colotp,4:c., &c. 'Also, ,, ... ,^ ,^ 


Bordering, Window Shades, &c., 

Sold Wholesale and Ketvl, (»t the .Wept Cash Prices. 

; ; I>ECK: & RXJDJD, 

SyracuRe,May, 1857.' J^'i' ^^ No. 7, Jpast Geuesee Street. 



;ia;-! i»; >-}'-, 


Done with Neatness and Despatch. Orders may be left at the 
.Police Office, or at his residence, No. 89 Harrison Street. -.. ,..^.^ 





English and French Perfumery, Brashes, Sweedish Leeches, &c^ 
t No. 65 & 67 East Genesee-St., Union Building, Syracuse, N. ¥. 

U*^> '2<^s^'.<^^Z^ o < 

• - - ■ - ^ '■ ' -Has removed to 'the" Rooms " ' "' ' • '^■ 

Over •lIc\DoMgall'>s Shoe Store^ 

where all descriptions of work in his line will be promptly attend- 

edto. .,,.;; • ■•' .X :■■'■■ 

Magazines Bound, and Old Books Repaired, at short notice. ■ . 

For Merchants, Shoe Dealers, Milliners, <fec., made to order in the 
best style. -r '• ,"^'1 ::!^ 'T "'■ -'^ '7'/';j:V-* 



These Pills are a concentrated compound, formed of extracts 
from Five Vegetable productions— combined by the strictest • 
rules of science — and a most successful remedy for the class of 
diseases to which we are exposed in this climate and on this con- 
tinent. They are an infallible cure for all diseases airising from 
a disordered state of the stomach, liver, or blood. They are a 
mild, yet active, safe and efficient cathartic, removing diseases and 
leaving the stomach and system uninjured. _ ....,..: :,-, . 

Price 2b Cents per Box. 


Persons that have used these Vegetable Cough Powders evince much satisfac- 
lion, and recommend them to their friends. None will regret an acquaintance 
with this valuable compound, They are virtually Natures Assistant, giving Vig- 
or, Health, and Purity to the System. Those afflcted with a stubborn Cough, 
Sore Throat, Hoarseness, Cronchites or Croup, will do welUo be in possession 
of this Counh remedy. A neglected cold, often amounts to Consumption. These 
Powders, where there is liability to take cold, protect persons of all ages. They 
prevent people from' Coughing, and consequently avoid unnecessary labor for 
the lungs, which is absolutely important in order that the lungs may not become 
weak and diseased. Price 12 1-2 Cents per Box. 

Wholesale and Retail Agent, Syracuse. If. Y. 


tfiS- I 





SUMMERS & BROTHER, Proprietors. 

The Office is furnisLed with Two fast Power Presses, find, a 
superior Card Press, together wath the jiecessary Hand Presses, 
and a full supply of Job, Book and Newspaper- Type. Every 
description of 

executed with neatness and despatch. 


Is furnished to suhsciibcrs at Ten Gents per week, ov Five 
Dollars per anuuui, J.Itslarge and rapidly increasing circulation 
i renders it the most desirable medium for advertisiucr in the inte- 
jrior of the State, and Merchants and- Business Men are respect- 
fully invited to make its coluras the medium of communicating 
I with the public. . - 


Is sent to Subsciibers by mail, for $1,50 per annum, payable in 
advance. This Paper is the oldest in the County, and one of the 
oldest and largest in the State. It contains thirty-two columns 
of reading, with only a limited supply of advertising; and partic- 
ular pains arc taken to give every local incident that transpires 
within the County, together with all the latest news, and a full 
supply of miscellaneous reading. 




AUG 03